FORESAIL-1 cubesat mission to measure radiation belt losses and demonstrate de-orbiting

M. Palmroth, J. Praks, R. Vainio, P. Janhunen, E. K. J. Kilpua, N. Yu. Ganushkina, A. Afanasiev, M. Ala-Lahti, A. Alho, T. Asikainen, E. Asvestari, M. Battarbee, A. Binios, A. Bosser, T. Brito, J. Envall, U. Ganse, H. George, J. Gieseler, S. Good & 39 others M. Grandin, S. Haslam, H.-P. Hedman, H. Hietala, N. Jovanovic, S. Kakakhel, M. Kalliokoski, V. V. Kettunen, T. Koskela, E. Lumme, M. Meskanen, D. Morosan, M. Rizwan Mughal, P. Niemelä, S. Nyman, P. Oleynik, A. Osmane, E. Palmerio, Y. Pfau-Kempf, J. Peltonen, J. Plosila, J. Polkko, S. Poluianov, J. Pomoell, D. Price, A. Punkkinen, R. Punkkinen, B. Riwanto, L. Salomaa, A. Slavinskis, T. Säntti, J. Tammi, H. Tenhunen, P. Toivanen, J. Tuominen, L. Turc, E. Valtonen, P. Virtanen, T. Westerlund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Abstract Today, the near-Earth space is facing a paradigm change as the number of new spacecraft is literally sky-rocketing. Increasing numbers of small satellites threaten the sustainable use of space, as without removal, space debris will eventually make certain critical orbits unusable. A central factor affecting small spacecraft health and leading to debris is the radiation environment, which is unpredictable due to an incomplete understanding of the near-Earth radiation environment itself and its variability driven by the solar wind and outer magnetosphere. This paper presents the FORESAIL-1 nanosatellite mission, having two scientific and one technological objectives. The first scientific objective is to measure the energy and flux of energetic particle loss to the atmosphere with a representative energy and pitch angle resolution over a wide range of magnetic local times. To pave the way to novel model - in situ data comparisons, we also show preliminary results on precipitating electron fluxes obtained with the new global hybrid-Vlasov simulation Vlasiator. The second scientific objective of the FORESAIL-1 mission is to measure energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) of solar origin. The solar ENA flux has the potential to contribute importantly to the knowledge of solar eruption energy budget estimations. The technological objective is to demonstrate a satellite de-orbiting technology, and for the first time, make an orbit manoeuvre with a propellantless nanosatellite. FORESAIL-1 will demonstrate the potential for nanosatellites to make important scientific contributions as well as promote the sustainable utilisation of space by using a cost-efficient de-orbiting technology.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of geophysical research. Space physics
Volume0
Issue numberja
ISSN2169-9380
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 21 May 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • nanosatellite
  • space physics
  • particle precipitation
  • solar energetic neutral atoms
  • de-orbiting
  • radiation belts
  • 115 Astronomy, Space science

Cite this

Palmroth, M. ; Praks, J. ; Vainio, R. ; Janhunen, P. ; Kilpua, E. K. J. ; Ganushkina, N. Yu. ; Afanasiev, A. ; Ala-Lahti, M. ; Alho, A. ; Asikainen, T. ; Asvestari, E. ; Battarbee, M. ; Binios, A. ; Bosser, A. ; Brito, T. ; Envall, J. ; Ganse, U. ; George, H. ; Gieseler, J. ; Good, S. ; Grandin, M. ; Haslam, S. ; Hedman, H.-P. ; Hietala, H. ; Jovanovic, N. ; Kakakhel, S. ; Kalliokoski, M. ; Kettunen, V. V. ; Koskela, T. ; Lumme, E. ; Meskanen, M. ; Morosan, D. ; Mughal, M. Rizwan ; Niemelä, P. ; Nyman, S. ; Oleynik, P. ; Osmane, A. ; Palmerio, E. ; Pfau-Kempf, Y. ; Peltonen, J. ; Plosila, J. ; Polkko, J. ; Poluianov, S. ; Pomoell, J. ; Price, D. ; Punkkinen, A. ; Punkkinen, R. ; Riwanto, B. ; Salomaa, L. ; Slavinskis, A. ; Säntti, T. ; Tammi, J. ; Tenhunen, H. ; Toivanen, P. ; Tuominen, J. ; Turc, L. ; Valtonen, E. ; Virtanen, P. ; Westerlund, T. / FORESAIL-1 cubesat mission to measure radiation belt losses and demonstrate de-orbiting. In: Journal of geophysical research. Space physics. 2019 ; Vol. 0, No. ja.
@article{894b12b1b1cd40158cc35d4492ea021b,
title = "FORESAIL-1 cubesat mission to measure radiation belt losses and demonstrate de-orbiting",
abstract = "Abstract Today, the near-Earth space is facing a paradigm change as the number of new spacecraft is literally sky-rocketing. Increasing numbers of small satellites threaten the sustainable use of space, as without removal, space debris will eventually make certain critical orbits unusable. A central factor affecting small spacecraft health and leading to debris is the radiation environment, which is unpredictable due to an incomplete understanding of the near-Earth radiation environment itself and its variability driven by the solar wind and outer magnetosphere. This paper presents the FORESAIL-1 nanosatellite mission, having two scientific and one technological objectives. The first scientific objective is to measure the energy and flux of energetic particle loss to the atmosphere with a representative energy and pitch angle resolution over a wide range of magnetic local times. To pave the way to novel model - in situ data comparisons, we also show preliminary results on precipitating electron fluxes obtained with the new global hybrid-Vlasov simulation Vlasiator. The second scientific objective of the FORESAIL-1 mission is to measure energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) of solar origin. The solar ENA flux has the potential to contribute importantly to the knowledge of solar eruption energy budget estimations. The technological objective is to demonstrate a satellite de-orbiting technology, and for the first time, make an orbit manoeuvre with a propellantless nanosatellite. FORESAIL-1 will demonstrate the potential for nanosatellites to make important scientific contributions as well as promote the sustainable utilisation of space by using a cost-efficient de-orbiting technology.",
keywords = "nanosatellite, space physics, particle precipitation, solar energetic neutral atoms, de-orbiting, radiation belts, 115 Astronomy, Space science",
author = "M. Palmroth and J. Praks and R. Vainio and P. Janhunen and Kilpua, {E. K. J.} and Ganushkina, {N. Yu.} and A. Afanasiev and M. Ala-Lahti and A. Alho and T. Asikainen and E. Asvestari and M. Battarbee and A. Binios and A. Bosser and T. Brito and J. Envall and U. Ganse and H. George and J. Gieseler and S. Good and M. Grandin and S. Haslam and H.-P. Hedman and H. Hietala and N. Jovanovic and S. Kakakhel and M. Kalliokoski and Kettunen, {V. V.} and T. Koskela and E. Lumme and M. Meskanen and D. Morosan and Mughal, {M. Rizwan} and P. Niemel{\"a} and S. Nyman and P. Oleynik and A. Osmane and E. Palmerio and Y. Pfau-Kempf and J. Peltonen and J. Plosila and J. Polkko and S. Poluianov and J. Pomoell and D. Price and A. Punkkinen and R. Punkkinen and B. Riwanto and L. Salomaa and A. Slavinskis and T. S{\"a}ntti and J. Tammi and H. Tenhunen and P. Toivanen and J. Tuominen and L. Turc and E. Valtonen and P. Virtanen and T. Westerlund",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1029/2018JA026354",
language = "English",
volume = "0",
journal = "Journal of geophysical research. Space physics",
issn = "2169-9380",
publisher = "American Geophysical Union",
number = "ja",

}

Palmroth, M, Praks, J, Vainio, R, Janhunen, P, Kilpua, EKJ, Ganushkina, NY, Afanasiev, A, Ala-Lahti, M, Alho, A, Asikainen, T, Asvestari, E, Battarbee, M, Binios, A, Bosser, A, Brito, T, Envall, J, Ganse, U, George, H, Gieseler, J, Good, S, Grandin, M, Haslam, S, Hedman, H-P, Hietala, H, Jovanovic, N, Kakakhel, S, Kalliokoski, M, Kettunen, VV, Koskela, T, Lumme, E, Meskanen, M, Morosan, D, Mughal, MR, Niemelä, P, Nyman, S, Oleynik, P, Osmane, A, Palmerio, E, Pfau-Kempf, Y, Peltonen, J, Plosila, J, Polkko, J, Poluianov, S, Pomoell, J, Price, D, Punkkinen, A, Punkkinen, R, Riwanto, B, Salomaa, L, Slavinskis, A, Säntti, T, Tammi, J, Tenhunen, H, Toivanen, P, Tuominen, J, Turc, L, Valtonen, E, Virtanen, P & Westerlund, T 2019, 'FORESAIL-1 cubesat mission to measure radiation belt losses and demonstrate de-orbiting', Journal of geophysical research. Space physics, vol. 0, no. ja. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JA026354

FORESAIL-1 cubesat mission to measure radiation belt losses and demonstrate de-orbiting. / Palmroth, M.; Praks, J.; Vainio, R.; Janhunen, P.; Kilpua, E. K. J.; Ganushkina, N. Yu.; Afanasiev, A.; Ala-Lahti, M.; Alho, A.; Asikainen, T.; Asvestari, E.; Battarbee, M.; Binios, A.; Bosser, A.; Brito, T.; Envall, J.; Ganse, U.; George, H.; Gieseler, J.; Good, S.; Grandin, M.; Haslam, S.; Hedman, H.-P.; Hietala, H.; Jovanovic, N.; Kakakhel, S.; Kalliokoski, M.; Kettunen, V. V.; Koskela, T.; Lumme, E.; Meskanen, M.; Morosan, D.; Mughal, M. Rizwan; Niemelä, P.; Nyman, S.; Oleynik, P.; Osmane, A.; Palmerio, E.; Pfau-Kempf, Y.; Peltonen, J.; Plosila, J.; Polkko, J.; Poluianov, S.; Pomoell, J.; Price, D.; Punkkinen, A.; Punkkinen, R.; Riwanto, B.; Salomaa, L.; Slavinskis, A.; Säntti, T.; Tammi, J.; Tenhunen, H.; Toivanen, P.; Tuominen, J.; Turc, L.; Valtonen, E.; Virtanen, P.; Westerlund, T.

In: Journal of geophysical research. Space physics, Vol. 0, No. ja, 21.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - FORESAIL-1 cubesat mission to measure radiation belt losses and demonstrate de-orbiting

AU - Palmroth, M.

AU - Praks, J.

AU - Vainio, R.

AU - Janhunen, P.

AU - Kilpua, E. K. J.

AU - Ganushkina, N. Yu.

AU - Afanasiev, A.

AU - Ala-Lahti, M.

AU - Alho, A.

AU - Asikainen, T.

AU - Asvestari, E.

AU - Battarbee, M.

AU - Binios, A.

AU - Bosser, A.

AU - Brito, T.

AU - Envall, J.

AU - Ganse, U.

AU - George, H.

AU - Gieseler, J.

AU - Good, S.

AU - Grandin, M.

AU - Haslam, S.

AU - Hedman, H.-P.

AU - Hietala, H.

AU - Jovanovic, N.

AU - Kakakhel, S.

AU - Kalliokoski, M.

AU - Kettunen, V. V.

AU - Koskela, T.

AU - Lumme, E.

AU - Meskanen, M.

AU - Morosan, D.

AU - Mughal, M. Rizwan

AU - Niemelä, P.

AU - Nyman, S.

AU - Oleynik, P.

AU - Osmane, A.

AU - Palmerio, E.

AU - Pfau-Kempf, Y.

AU - Peltonen, J.

AU - Plosila, J.

AU - Polkko, J.

AU - Poluianov, S.

AU - Pomoell, J.

AU - Price, D.

AU - Punkkinen, A.

AU - Punkkinen, R.

AU - Riwanto, B.

AU - Salomaa, L.

AU - Slavinskis, A.

AU - Säntti, T.

AU - Tammi, J.

AU - Tenhunen, H.

AU - Toivanen, P.

AU - Tuominen, J.

AU - Turc, L.

AU - Valtonen, E.

AU - Virtanen, P.

AU - Westerlund, T.

PY - 2019/5/21

Y1 - 2019/5/21

N2 - Abstract Today, the near-Earth space is facing a paradigm change as the number of new spacecraft is literally sky-rocketing. Increasing numbers of small satellites threaten the sustainable use of space, as without removal, space debris will eventually make certain critical orbits unusable. A central factor affecting small spacecraft health and leading to debris is the radiation environment, which is unpredictable due to an incomplete understanding of the near-Earth radiation environment itself and its variability driven by the solar wind and outer magnetosphere. This paper presents the FORESAIL-1 nanosatellite mission, having two scientific and one technological objectives. The first scientific objective is to measure the energy and flux of energetic particle loss to the atmosphere with a representative energy and pitch angle resolution over a wide range of magnetic local times. To pave the way to novel model - in situ data comparisons, we also show preliminary results on precipitating electron fluxes obtained with the new global hybrid-Vlasov simulation Vlasiator. The second scientific objective of the FORESAIL-1 mission is to measure energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) of solar origin. The solar ENA flux has the potential to contribute importantly to the knowledge of solar eruption energy budget estimations. The technological objective is to demonstrate a satellite de-orbiting technology, and for the first time, make an orbit manoeuvre with a propellantless nanosatellite. FORESAIL-1 will demonstrate the potential for nanosatellites to make important scientific contributions as well as promote the sustainable utilisation of space by using a cost-efficient de-orbiting technology.

AB - Abstract Today, the near-Earth space is facing a paradigm change as the number of new spacecraft is literally sky-rocketing. Increasing numbers of small satellites threaten the sustainable use of space, as without removal, space debris will eventually make certain critical orbits unusable. A central factor affecting small spacecraft health and leading to debris is the radiation environment, which is unpredictable due to an incomplete understanding of the near-Earth radiation environment itself and its variability driven by the solar wind and outer magnetosphere. This paper presents the FORESAIL-1 nanosatellite mission, having two scientific and one technological objectives. The first scientific objective is to measure the energy and flux of energetic particle loss to the atmosphere with a representative energy and pitch angle resolution over a wide range of magnetic local times. To pave the way to novel model - in situ data comparisons, we also show preliminary results on precipitating electron fluxes obtained with the new global hybrid-Vlasov simulation Vlasiator. The second scientific objective of the FORESAIL-1 mission is to measure energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) of solar origin. The solar ENA flux has the potential to contribute importantly to the knowledge of solar eruption energy budget estimations. The technological objective is to demonstrate a satellite de-orbiting technology, and for the first time, make an orbit manoeuvre with a propellantless nanosatellite. FORESAIL-1 will demonstrate the potential for nanosatellites to make important scientific contributions as well as promote the sustainable utilisation of space by using a cost-efficient de-orbiting technology.

KW - nanosatellite

KW - space physics

KW - particle precipitation

KW - solar energetic neutral atoms

KW - de-orbiting

KW - radiation belts

KW - 115 Astronomy, Space science

U2 - 10.1029/2018JA026354

DO - 10.1029/2018JA026354

M3 - Article

VL - 0

JO - Journal of geophysical research. Space physics

JF - Journal of geophysical research. Space physics

SN - 2169-9380

IS - ja

ER -