Forest pathogens with higher damage potential due to climate change in Europe

N. La Porta, P Capretti, L. M Thomsen, Risto Kasanen, Kim von Weissenberg, A. M Hietala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

"Most atmospheric scientists agree that climate changes are going to increase the mean temperature in Europe with increased frequency of climatic extremes, such as drought, floods. and storms. Under Such conditions. there is high probability that forests will be Subject to increased frequency and intensity of stress due to climatic extremes. Therefore. impacts of climate change On forest health Should be carefully evaluated. Given these assumptions, several fungal diseases on trees may become more devastating because of the following factors: (i) abiotic Stresses. Such as drought and flooding, are known to predispose trees to several pathogens (ii) temperature and Moisture affect pathogen sporulation and dispersal. and changes in climatic conditions are likely to favour certain pathogens; (iii) migration of pathogens triggered by climatic change may increase disease incidence or geographical range, when pathogens encounter new hosts and (or) new potential vectors and (iv) new threats may appear either because of it change in tree species composition or because of invasive species. If infection success is dependent on temperature, higher mean temperatures may lead to more attacks. Pathogens that have been of importance in southern Europe may spread northward and also upward to mountains. Pathogens with evolutionary potential for greater damage Should be identified to estimate magnitude of the threat and to prepare for the changing conditions. A review of the above-mentioned cases is presented. Some priorities to improve the ability to predict impacts of climate change on tree diseases are discussed."
Original languageEnglish
JournalCanadian Journal of Plant Pathology
Volume30
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)177-195
Number of pages19
ISSN0706-0661
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 411 Agriculture and forestry

Cite this

Porta, N. L., Capretti, P., Thomsen, L. M., Kasanen, R., Weissenberg, K. V., & Hietala, A. M. (2008). Forest pathogens with higher damage potential due to climate change in Europe. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, 30(2), 177-195.
Porta, N. La ; Capretti, P ; Thomsen, L. M ; Kasanen, Risto ; Weissenberg, Kim von ; Hietala, A. M. / Forest pathogens with higher damage potential due to climate change in Europe. In: Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. 2008 ; Vol. 30, No. 2. pp. 177-195.
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abstract = "{"}Most atmospheric scientists agree that climate changes are going to increase the mean temperature in Europe with increased frequency of climatic extremes, such as drought, floods. and storms. Under Such conditions. there is high probability that forests will be Subject to increased frequency and intensity of stress due to climatic extremes. Therefore. impacts of climate change On forest health Should be carefully evaluated. Given these assumptions, several fungal diseases on trees may become more devastating because of the following factors: (i) abiotic Stresses. Such as drought and flooding, are known to predispose trees to several pathogens (ii) temperature and Moisture affect pathogen sporulation and dispersal. and changes in climatic conditions are likely to favour certain pathogens; (iii) migration of pathogens triggered by climatic change may increase disease incidence or geographical range, when pathogens encounter new hosts and (or) new potential vectors and (iv) new threats may appear either because of it change in tree species composition or because of invasive species. If infection success is dependent on temperature, higher mean temperatures may lead to more attacks. Pathogens that have been of importance in southern Europe may spread northward and also upward to mountains. Pathogens with evolutionary potential for greater damage Should be identified to estimate magnitude of the threat and to prepare for the changing conditions. A review of the above-mentioned cases is presented. Some priorities to improve the ability to predict impacts of climate change on tree diseases are discussed.{"}",
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Porta, NL, Capretti, P, Thomsen, LM, Kasanen, R, Weissenberg, KV & Hietala, AM 2008, 'Forest pathogens with higher damage potential due to climate change in Europe' Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 177-195.

Forest pathogens with higher damage potential due to climate change in Europe. / Porta, N. La; Capretti, P; Thomsen, L. M; Kasanen, Risto; Weissenberg, Kim von; Hietala, A. M.

In: Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology, Vol. 30, No. 2, 2008, p. 177-195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Forest pathogens with higher damage potential due to climate change in Europe

AU - Porta, N. La

AU - Capretti, P

AU - Thomsen, L. M

AU - Kasanen, Risto

AU - Weissenberg, Kim von

AU - Hietala, A. M

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - "Most atmospheric scientists agree that climate changes are going to increase the mean temperature in Europe with increased frequency of climatic extremes, such as drought, floods. and storms. Under Such conditions. there is high probability that forests will be Subject to increased frequency and intensity of stress due to climatic extremes. Therefore. impacts of climate change On forest health Should be carefully evaluated. Given these assumptions, several fungal diseases on trees may become more devastating because of the following factors: (i) abiotic Stresses. Such as drought and flooding, are known to predispose trees to several pathogens (ii) temperature and Moisture affect pathogen sporulation and dispersal. and changes in climatic conditions are likely to favour certain pathogens; (iii) migration of pathogens triggered by climatic change may increase disease incidence or geographical range, when pathogens encounter new hosts and (or) new potential vectors and (iv) new threats may appear either because of it change in tree species composition or because of invasive species. If infection success is dependent on temperature, higher mean temperatures may lead to more attacks. Pathogens that have been of importance in southern Europe may spread northward and also upward to mountains. Pathogens with evolutionary potential for greater damage Should be identified to estimate magnitude of the threat and to prepare for the changing conditions. A review of the above-mentioned cases is presented. Some priorities to improve the ability to predict impacts of climate change on tree diseases are discussed."

AB - "Most atmospheric scientists agree that climate changes are going to increase the mean temperature in Europe with increased frequency of climatic extremes, such as drought, floods. and storms. Under Such conditions. there is high probability that forests will be Subject to increased frequency and intensity of stress due to climatic extremes. Therefore. impacts of climate change On forest health Should be carefully evaluated. Given these assumptions, several fungal diseases on trees may become more devastating because of the following factors: (i) abiotic Stresses. Such as drought and flooding, are known to predispose trees to several pathogens (ii) temperature and Moisture affect pathogen sporulation and dispersal. and changes in climatic conditions are likely to favour certain pathogens; (iii) migration of pathogens triggered by climatic change may increase disease incidence or geographical range, when pathogens encounter new hosts and (or) new potential vectors and (iv) new threats may appear either because of it change in tree species composition or because of invasive species. If infection success is dependent on temperature, higher mean temperatures may lead to more attacks. Pathogens that have been of importance in southern Europe may spread northward and also upward to mountains. Pathogens with evolutionary potential for greater damage Should be identified to estimate magnitude of the threat and to prepare for the changing conditions. A review of the above-mentioned cases is presented. Some priorities to improve the ability to predict impacts of climate change on tree diseases are discussed."

KW - 411 Agriculture and forestry

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 177

EP - 195

JO - Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology

JF - Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology

SN - 0706-0661

IS - 2

ER -

Porta NL, Capretti P, Thomsen LM, Kasanen R, Weissenberg KV, Hietala AM. Forest pathogens with higher damage potential due to climate change in Europe. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology. 2008;30(2):177-195.