Freebooters and Free Traders: English Colonial Prize Jurisdiction in the West Indies 1655-1670

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Colonial prize courts provided two significant contributions to the English imperial efforts in the West Indies. First, they played a key role in the enforcement of the new colonial power’s own trade monopoly against foreign interlopers and smugglers. Second, they helped the newcomer empire to rein in the buccaneers and capers who had populated the Caribbean for decades and to re-deploy them as commissioned privateers.

This paper explores in detail the emergence of the British colonial prize jurisdiction after the English conquest of Jamaica in 1655. It shows how colonial prize courts emerged organically from the English expansion in the West Indies, with powers and duties assigned incrementally to colonial administrators to address the practical needs of the growing empire in breaking the Spanish trade monopoly and establishing their own.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the history of international law
Volume21
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)41-70
Number of pages30
ISSN1388-199X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 513 Law
  • International law
  • Prize law
  • English Civil War
  • West Indies
  • 17th Century
  • Privateers
  • Admiralty

Cite this

@article{e690c02a18c04922b6c47ea99f580864,
title = "Freebooters and Free Traders: English Colonial Prize Jurisdiction in the West Indies 1655-1670",
abstract = "Colonial prize courts provided two significant contributions to the English imperial efforts in the West Indies. First, they played a key role in the enforcement of the new colonial power’s own trade monopoly against foreign interlopers and smugglers. Second, they helped the newcomer empire to rein in the buccaneers and capers who had populated the Caribbean for decades and to re-deploy them as commissioned privateers. This paper explores in detail the emergence of the British colonial prize jurisdiction after the English conquest of Jamaica in 1655. It shows how colonial prize courts emerged organically from the English expansion in the West Indies, with powers and duties assigned incrementally to colonial administrators to address the practical needs of the growing empire in breaking the Spanish trade monopoly and establishing their own.",
keywords = "513 Law, International law, Prize law, English Civil War, West Indies, 17th Century, Privateers, Admiralty",
author = "Ville Kari",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1163/15718050-12340102",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "41--70",
journal = "Journal of the history of international law",
issn = "1388-199X",
publisher = "Kluwer Law International",
number = "1",

}

Freebooters and Free Traders : English Colonial Prize Jurisdiction in the West Indies 1655-1670. / Kari, Ville.

In: Journal of the history of international law, Vol. 21, No. 1, 2019, p. 41-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Freebooters and Free Traders

T2 - English Colonial Prize Jurisdiction in the West Indies 1655-1670

AU - Kari, Ville

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Colonial prize courts provided two significant contributions to the English imperial efforts in the West Indies. First, they played a key role in the enforcement of the new colonial power’s own trade monopoly against foreign interlopers and smugglers. Second, they helped the newcomer empire to rein in the buccaneers and capers who had populated the Caribbean for decades and to re-deploy them as commissioned privateers. This paper explores in detail the emergence of the British colonial prize jurisdiction after the English conquest of Jamaica in 1655. It shows how colonial prize courts emerged organically from the English expansion in the West Indies, with powers and duties assigned incrementally to colonial administrators to address the practical needs of the growing empire in breaking the Spanish trade monopoly and establishing their own.

AB - Colonial prize courts provided two significant contributions to the English imperial efforts in the West Indies. First, they played a key role in the enforcement of the new colonial power’s own trade monopoly against foreign interlopers and smugglers. Second, they helped the newcomer empire to rein in the buccaneers and capers who had populated the Caribbean for decades and to re-deploy them as commissioned privateers. This paper explores in detail the emergence of the British colonial prize jurisdiction after the English conquest of Jamaica in 1655. It shows how colonial prize courts emerged organically from the English expansion in the West Indies, with powers and duties assigned incrementally to colonial administrators to address the practical needs of the growing empire in breaking the Spanish trade monopoly and establishing their own.

KW - 513 Law

KW - International law

KW - Prize law

KW - English Civil War

KW - West Indies

KW - 17th Century

KW - Privateers

KW - Admiralty

U2 - 10.1163/15718050-12340102

DO - 10.1163/15718050-12340102

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 41

EP - 70

JO - Journal of the history of international law

JF - Journal of the history of international law

SN - 1388-199X

IS - 1

ER -