Functional neuroimaging in obesity and the potential for development of novel treatments

Haiko Schögl, Annette Horstmann, Arno Villringer, Michael Stumvoll

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Recently, exciting progress has been made in understanding the role of the CNS in controlling eating behaviour and in the development of overeating. Regions and networks of the human brain involved in eating behaviour and appetite control have been identified with neuroimaging techniques such as functional MRI, PET, electroencephalography, and magnetoencephalography. Hormones that regulate our drive to eat (eg, leptin, insulin, and glucagon-like peptide-1) can affect brain function. Defects in central hunger signalling are present in many pathologies. On the basis of an understanding of brain mechanisms that lead to overeating, powerful neuroimaging protocols could be a future clinical approach to allow individually tailored treatment options for patients with obesity. The aim of our Review is to provide an overview of neuroimaging approaches for obesity (ie, neuroimaging study design, questions which can be answered by neuroimaging, and limitations of neuroimaging techniques), examine current models of central nervous processes regulating eating behaviour, summarise and review important neuroimaging studies investigating therapeutic approaches to treat obesity or to control eating behaviour, and to provide a perspective on how neuroimaging might lead to new therapeutic approaches to obesity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Lancet diabetes & endocrinology
Volume4
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)695-705
Number of pages11
ISSN2213-8587
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Fields of Science

  • INDUCED DOPAMINE RELEASE
  • GLUCAGON-LIKE PEPTIDE-1
  • CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM
  • BRAIN ACTIVITY
  • FOOD-INTAKE
  • ORBITOFRONTAL CORTEX
  • WEIGHT-LOSS
  • EATING BEHAVIOR
  • ADDICTION MODEL
  • REWARD
  • 515 Psychology

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