Greening of Daycare Yards with Biodiverse Materials Affords Well-Being, Play and Environmental Relationships

The ADELE Research Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Nature contacts are recognized as positively contributing to humans' health and well-being. Although there have been projects to green daycare or schoolyards, yard greening and microbial biodiversity have never been studied simultaneously. We asked whether simultaneously increasing biodiversity exposure and greening urban daycare yards affects 3-5 years-old children's physical activity and play, their environmental relationships, and their perceived well-being. For transforming six daycare yards in Finland, we used a forest floor with high biodiversity, sod, peat blocks, and planters for vegetable and flower growing. We used qualitative interview and survey-based data collected from the daycare personnel and parents to analyze how green yards encourage children's engagement with their everyday life-worlds. We identified the functional possibilities provided by the yards and the dynamic aspects related to the greening. Green, biodiverse yards were considered safe, and inspired children's play, diversified their activities, and increased physical activity. The greenery offered embodied experiences of nature and provided the children with multi-sensory exploration and diverse learning situations. The dynamic and emotional ways of engaging with the natural environment increased their well-being. The activities related to caring for the yards and exploring them promoted the development of environmental relationships. The results can be used for designing health-enhancing yards

Original languageEnglish
Article number2948
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume16
Issue number16
Number of pages16
ISSN1660-4601
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • BENEFITS
  • CHILDHOOD
  • CHILDRENS PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • EXPERIENCES
  • HEALTH
  • LANDSCAPE
  • MICROBIOTA
  • NATURAL-ENVIRONMENT
  • SCHOOL GROUNDS
  • STRESS
  • affordance
  • biodiversity
  • children
  • environmental relationship
  • green space
  • physical activity
  • well-being
  • 1172 Environmental sciences
  • 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health

Cite this

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title = "Greening of Daycare Yards with Biodiverse Materials Affords Well-Being, Play and Environmental Relationships",
abstract = "Nature contacts are recognized as positively contributing to humans' health and well-being. Although there have been projects to green daycare or schoolyards, yard greening and microbial biodiversity have never been studied simultaneously. We asked whether simultaneously increasing biodiversity exposure and greening urban daycare yards affects 3-5 years-old children's physical activity and play, their environmental relationships, and their perceived well-being. For transforming six daycare yards in Finland, we used a forest floor with high biodiversity, sod, peat blocks, and planters for vegetable and flower growing. We used qualitative interview and survey-based data collected from the daycare personnel and parents to analyze how green yards encourage children's engagement with their everyday life-worlds. We identified the functional possibilities provided by the yards and the dynamic aspects related to the greening. Green, biodiverse yards were considered safe, and inspired children's play, diversified their activities, and increased physical activity. The greenery offered embodied experiences of nature and provided the children with multi-sensory exploration and diverse learning situations. The dynamic and emotional ways of engaging with the natural environment increased their well-being. The activities related to caring for the yards and exploring them promoted the development of environmental relationships. The results can be used for designing health-enhancing yards",
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author = "{The ADELE Research Group} and Riikka Puhakka and Outi Rantala and Marja Roslund and Juho Rajaniemi and Laitinen, {Olli H.} and Aki Sinkkonen",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
day = "14",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph16162948",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1661-7827",
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Greening of Daycare Yards with Biodiverse Materials Affords Well-Being, Play and Environmental Relationships. / The ADELE Research Group.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 16, No. 16, 2948, 14.08.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Greening of Daycare Yards with Biodiverse Materials Affords Well-Being, Play and Environmental Relationships

AU - The ADELE Research Group

AU - Puhakka, Riikka

AU - Rantala, Outi

AU - Roslund, Marja

AU - Rajaniemi, Juho

AU - Laitinen, Olli H.

AU - Sinkkonen, Aki

PY - 2019/8/14

Y1 - 2019/8/14

N2 - Nature contacts are recognized as positively contributing to humans' health and well-being. Although there have been projects to green daycare or schoolyards, yard greening and microbial biodiversity have never been studied simultaneously. We asked whether simultaneously increasing biodiversity exposure and greening urban daycare yards affects 3-5 years-old children's physical activity and play, their environmental relationships, and their perceived well-being. For transforming six daycare yards in Finland, we used a forest floor with high biodiversity, sod, peat blocks, and planters for vegetable and flower growing. We used qualitative interview and survey-based data collected from the daycare personnel and parents to analyze how green yards encourage children's engagement with their everyday life-worlds. We identified the functional possibilities provided by the yards and the dynamic aspects related to the greening. Green, biodiverse yards were considered safe, and inspired children's play, diversified their activities, and increased physical activity. The greenery offered embodied experiences of nature and provided the children with multi-sensory exploration and diverse learning situations. The dynamic and emotional ways of engaging with the natural environment increased their well-being. The activities related to caring for the yards and exploring them promoted the development of environmental relationships. The results can be used for designing health-enhancing yards

AB - Nature contacts are recognized as positively contributing to humans' health and well-being. Although there have been projects to green daycare or schoolyards, yard greening and microbial biodiversity have never been studied simultaneously. We asked whether simultaneously increasing biodiversity exposure and greening urban daycare yards affects 3-5 years-old children's physical activity and play, their environmental relationships, and their perceived well-being. For transforming six daycare yards in Finland, we used a forest floor with high biodiversity, sod, peat blocks, and planters for vegetable and flower growing. We used qualitative interview and survey-based data collected from the daycare personnel and parents to analyze how green yards encourage children's engagement with their everyday life-worlds. We identified the functional possibilities provided by the yards and the dynamic aspects related to the greening. Green, biodiverse yards were considered safe, and inspired children's play, diversified their activities, and increased physical activity. The greenery offered embodied experiences of nature and provided the children with multi-sensory exploration and diverse learning situations. The dynamic and emotional ways of engaging with the natural environment increased their well-being. The activities related to caring for the yards and exploring them promoted the development of environmental relationships. The results can be used for designing health-enhancing yards

KW - BENEFITS

KW - CHILDHOOD

KW - CHILDRENS PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY

KW - EXPERIENCES

KW - HEALTH

KW - LANDSCAPE

KW - MICROBIOTA

KW - NATURAL-ENVIRONMENT

KW - SCHOOL GROUNDS

KW - STRESS

KW - affordance

KW - biodiversity

KW - children

KW - environmental relationship

KW - green space

KW - physical activity

KW - well-being

KW - 1172 Environmental sciences

KW - 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph16162948

DO - 10.3390/ijerph16162948

M3 - Article

VL - 16

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1661-7827

IS - 16

M1 - 2948

ER -