Gynecological tumors in Mulibrey nanism and role for RING finger protein TRIM37 in the pathogenesis of ovarian fibrothecomas

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    Abstract

    Mulibrey nanism is an autosomal recessive growth disorder caused by mutations in the TRIM37 gene encoding a protein of unknown function. More than half of female patients with Mulibrey nanism develop benign mesenchymal tumors of ovarian sex cord-stromal origin. In this work, we characterize the gynecological tumors of female patients with Mulibrey nanism in detail. In addition to tumors of the fibrothecoma group, 18% (4/22) of the patients were observed with epithelial neoplasias, including 2 ovarian adenofibromas, 1 ovarian poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and 1 endometrial adenocarcinoma. To investigate the possible involvement of TRIM37 alterations in the pathogenesis of sporadic fibrothecomas, we analyzed the TRIM37 cDNA for mutations and alternatively spliced transcripts and TRIM37 expression in fibrothecomas of women without Mulibrey nanism. No mutations in the open-reading frame of TRIM37 were detected. Two alternatively spliced variants were found, one lacking exon 23 and one exon 2. TRIM37del2 was also found in normal ovary but in a proportion of sporadic fibrothecomas, the TRIM37del2: TRIM37 ratio was increased. In normal ovary, TRIM37 was localized in the cytoplasm of stromal cells, especially theca cells surrounding developing follicles. TRIM37 transcript was found in all sporadic fibrothecomas examined, but 80% (20/25) of the tumors showed reduced or absent expression of TRIM37 protein. Allelic loss at the TRIM37 locus (17q22-23) was observed in 6% of sporadic fibrothecomas. Nearly half of the sporadic fibrothecomas showed evidence of CpG promoter methylation, suggesting promoter downregulation as one mechanism of reduced TRIM37 expression. In conclusion, inherited biallelic inactivation of TRIM37 (Mulibrey nanism) predisposes to both mesenchymal and epithelial ovarian tumors and dysregulation of TRIM37 may also be involved in the pathogenesis of sporadic fibrothecomas.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalModern Pathology
    Volume22
    Pages (from-to)570-578
    Number of pages9
    ISSN0893-3952
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Fields of Science

    • 311 Basic medicine
    • 118 Biological sciences
    • 515 Psychology

    Cite this

    @article{421ee014c2f54b67b8c1df2a09dded03,
    title = "Gynecological tumors in Mulibrey nanism and role for RING finger protein TRIM37 in the pathogenesis of ovarian fibrothecomas",
    abstract = "Mulibrey nanism is an autosomal recessive growth disorder caused by mutations in the TRIM37 gene encoding a protein of unknown function. More than half of female patients with Mulibrey nanism develop benign mesenchymal tumors of ovarian sex cord-stromal origin. In this work, we characterize the gynecological tumors of female patients with Mulibrey nanism in detail. In addition to tumors of the fibrothecoma group, 18{\%} (4/22) of the patients were observed with epithelial neoplasias, including 2 ovarian adenofibromas, 1 ovarian poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and 1 endometrial adenocarcinoma. To investigate the possible involvement of TRIM37 alterations in the pathogenesis of sporadic fibrothecomas, we analyzed the TRIM37 cDNA for mutations and alternatively spliced transcripts and TRIM37 expression in fibrothecomas of women without Mulibrey nanism. No mutations in the open-reading frame of TRIM37 were detected. Two alternatively spliced variants were found, one lacking exon 23 and one exon 2. TRIM37del2 was also found in normal ovary but in a proportion of sporadic fibrothecomas, the TRIM37del2: TRIM37 ratio was increased. In normal ovary, TRIM37 was localized in the cytoplasm of stromal cells, especially theca cells surrounding developing follicles. TRIM37 transcript was found in all sporadic fibrothecomas examined, but 80{\%} (20/25) of the tumors showed reduced or absent expression of TRIM37 protein. Allelic loss at the TRIM37 locus (17q22-23) was observed in 6{\%} of sporadic fibrothecomas. Nearly half of the sporadic fibrothecomas showed evidence of CpG promoter methylation, suggesting promoter downregulation as one mechanism of reduced TRIM37 expression. In conclusion, inherited biallelic inactivation of TRIM37 (Mulibrey nanism) predisposes to both mesenchymal and epithelial ovarian tumors and dysregulation of TRIM37 may also be involved in the pathogenesis of sporadic fibrothecomas.",
    keywords = "311 Basic medicine, 118 Biological sciences, 515 Psychology",
    author = "Susann Karlberg and Marita Lipsanen-Nyman and Heini Lassus and Jukka Kallij{\"a}rvi and Anna-Elina Lehesjoki and Ralf Butzow",
    year = "2009",
    doi = "10.1038/modpathol.2009.13",
    language = "English",
    volume = "22",
    pages = "570--578",
    journal = "Modern Pathology",
    issn = "0893-3952",
    publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Gynecological tumors in Mulibrey nanism and role for RING finger protein TRIM37 in the pathogenesis of ovarian fibrothecomas

    AU - Karlberg, Susann

    AU - Lipsanen-Nyman, Marita

    AU - Lassus, Heini

    AU - Kallijärvi, Jukka

    AU - Lehesjoki, Anna-Elina

    AU - Butzow, Ralf

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - Mulibrey nanism is an autosomal recessive growth disorder caused by mutations in the TRIM37 gene encoding a protein of unknown function. More than half of female patients with Mulibrey nanism develop benign mesenchymal tumors of ovarian sex cord-stromal origin. In this work, we characterize the gynecological tumors of female patients with Mulibrey nanism in detail. In addition to tumors of the fibrothecoma group, 18% (4/22) of the patients were observed with epithelial neoplasias, including 2 ovarian adenofibromas, 1 ovarian poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and 1 endometrial adenocarcinoma. To investigate the possible involvement of TRIM37 alterations in the pathogenesis of sporadic fibrothecomas, we analyzed the TRIM37 cDNA for mutations and alternatively spliced transcripts and TRIM37 expression in fibrothecomas of women without Mulibrey nanism. No mutations in the open-reading frame of TRIM37 were detected. Two alternatively spliced variants were found, one lacking exon 23 and one exon 2. TRIM37del2 was also found in normal ovary but in a proportion of sporadic fibrothecomas, the TRIM37del2: TRIM37 ratio was increased. In normal ovary, TRIM37 was localized in the cytoplasm of stromal cells, especially theca cells surrounding developing follicles. TRIM37 transcript was found in all sporadic fibrothecomas examined, but 80% (20/25) of the tumors showed reduced or absent expression of TRIM37 protein. Allelic loss at the TRIM37 locus (17q22-23) was observed in 6% of sporadic fibrothecomas. Nearly half of the sporadic fibrothecomas showed evidence of CpG promoter methylation, suggesting promoter downregulation as one mechanism of reduced TRIM37 expression. In conclusion, inherited biallelic inactivation of TRIM37 (Mulibrey nanism) predisposes to both mesenchymal and epithelial ovarian tumors and dysregulation of TRIM37 may also be involved in the pathogenesis of sporadic fibrothecomas.

    AB - Mulibrey nanism is an autosomal recessive growth disorder caused by mutations in the TRIM37 gene encoding a protein of unknown function. More than half of female patients with Mulibrey nanism develop benign mesenchymal tumors of ovarian sex cord-stromal origin. In this work, we characterize the gynecological tumors of female patients with Mulibrey nanism in detail. In addition to tumors of the fibrothecoma group, 18% (4/22) of the patients were observed with epithelial neoplasias, including 2 ovarian adenofibromas, 1 ovarian poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and 1 endometrial adenocarcinoma. To investigate the possible involvement of TRIM37 alterations in the pathogenesis of sporadic fibrothecomas, we analyzed the TRIM37 cDNA for mutations and alternatively spliced transcripts and TRIM37 expression in fibrothecomas of women without Mulibrey nanism. No mutations in the open-reading frame of TRIM37 were detected. Two alternatively spliced variants were found, one lacking exon 23 and one exon 2. TRIM37del2 was also found in normal ovary but in a proportion of sporadic fibrothecomas, the TRIM37del2: TRIM37 ratio was increased. In normal ovary, TRIM37 was localized in the cytoplasm of stromal cells, especially theca cells surrounding developing follicles. TRIM37 transcript was found in all sporadic fibrothecomas examined, but 80% (20/25) of the tumors showed reduced or absent expression of TRIM37 protein. Allelic loss at the TRIM37 locus (17q22-23) was observed in 6% of sporadic fibrothecomas. Nearly half of the sporadic fibrothecomas showed evidence of CpG promoter methylation, suggesting promoter downregulation as one mechanism of reduced TRIM37 expression. In conclusion, inherited biallelic inactivation of TRIM37 (Mulibrey nanism) predisposes to both mesenchymal and epithelial ovarian tumors and dysregulation of TRIM37 may also be involved in the pathogenesis of sporadic fibrothecomas.

    KW - 311 Basic medicine

    KW - 118 Biological sciences

    KW - 515 Psychology

    U2 - 10.1038/modpathol.2009.13

    DO - 10.1038/modpathol.2009.13

    M3 - Article

    VL - 22

    SP - 570

    EP - 578

    JO - Modern Pathology

    JF - Modern Pathology

    SN - 0893-3952

    ER -