Helping More Likely With Close Kin Than More Distant Kin

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    Humans are prosocial species and typically provide help to one another. The term help can be defined as active and voluntary acts, including the transfer of any resources (e.g., time, money, material) from one individual to another. In evolutionary studies, contact and emotional closeness are often used as proxies for help because they tend to strongly correlate with several forms of support. According to kin selection theory, with all other things being equal, the likelihood of providing help should correspond to the degree with which individuals are related to each other and individuals are predicted to provide more help to their closely related kin than their distantly related kin (Hamilton 1964).
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science
    EditorsTodd Shackelford, V. A. Weekes‐Shackelford
    Number of pages2
    Place of PublicationCham
    PublisherSpringer International Publishing
    Publication date1 Jan 2021
    ISBN (Print)978-3-319-19649-7
    ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-16999-6
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021
    MoE publication typeA3 Book chapter

    Fields of Science

    • 5141 Sociology
    • Altruism
    • Hamilton's rule
    • Inclusive fitness theory
    • Kin selection theory

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