High methane emissions from restored Norway spruce swamps in southern Finland over one growing season

Markku Koskinen, Liisa Maria Maanavilja, Mika Nieminen, Kari Minkkinen, Eeva-Stiina Tuittila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Forestry-drained peatlands in the boreal region are currently undergoing restoration in order to bring these ecosystems closer to their natural (undrained) state. Drainage affects the methane (CH4) dynamics of a peatland, often changing sites from CH4 sources to sinks. Successful restoration of a peatland would include restoration of not only the surface vegetation and hydrology, but also the microbial populations and thus CH4 dynamics. As a pilot study, CH4 emissions were measured on two pristine, two drained and three restored boreal spruce swamps in southern Finland for one growing season. Restoration was successful in the sense that the water table level in the restored sites was significantly higher than in the drained sites, but it was also slightly higher than in the pristine sites. The restored sites were surprisingly large sources of CH4 (mean emissions of 52.84 mg CH4 m(-2) d(-1)), contrasting with both the pristine (1.51 mg CH4 m(-2) d(-1)) and the drained sites (2.09 mg CH4 m-(2) d(-1)). More research is needed to assess whether the high CH4 emissions observed in this study are representative of restored spruce mires in general.
Original languageEnglish
Article number02
JournalMires and Peat
Volume17
Number of pages13
ISSN1819-754X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 4112 Forestry
  • 1172 Environmental sciences
  • CH4 fluxes
  • drained peatland
  • greenhouse gas
  • pristine mire
  • restoration
  • WATER-TABLE
  • DRAINED PEATLANDS
  • CUTAWAY PEATLANDS
  • VEGETATION CHANGE
  • BOREAL PEATLANDS
  • CO2 FLUXES
  • FORESTRY
  • MIRES
  • CH4
  • RESTORATION

Cite this

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title = "High methane emissions from restored Norway spruce swamps in southern Finland over one growing season",
abstract = "Forestry-drained peatlands in the boreal region are currently undergoing restoration in order to bring these ecosystems closer to their natural (undrained) state. Drainage affects the methane (CH4) dynamics of a peatland, often changing sites from CH4 sources to sinks. Successful restoration of a peatland would include restoration of not only the surface vegetation and hydrology, but also the microbial populations and thus CH4 dynamics. As a pilot study, CH4 emissions were measured on two pristine, two drained and three restored boreal spruce swamps in southern Finland for one growing season. Restoration was successful in the sense that the water table level in the restored sites was significantly higher than in the drained sites, but it was also slightly higher than in the pristine sites. The restored sites were surprisingly large sources of CH4 (mean emissions of 52.84 mg CH4 m(-2) d(-1)), contrasting with both the pristine (1.51 mg CH4 m(-2) d(-1)) and the drained sites (2.09 mg CH4 m-(2) d(-1)). More research is needed to assess whether the high CH4 emissions observed in this study are representative of restored spruce mires in general.",
keywords = "4112 Forestry, 1172 Environmental sciences, CH4 fluxes , drained peatland , greenhouse gas , pristine mire , restoration , WATER-TABLE , DRAINED PEATLANDS , CUTAWAY PEATLANDS , VEGETATION CHANGE , BOREAL PEATLANDS , CO2 FLUXES , FORESTRY , MIRES , CH4 , RESTORATION",
author = "Markku Koskinen and Maanavilja, {Liisa Maria} and Mika Nieminen and Kari Minkkinen and Eeva-Stiina Tuittila",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
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doi = "10.19189/MaP.2015.OMB.202",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
journal = "Mires and Peat",
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publisher = "International Peatland Society",

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High methane emissions from restored Norway spruce swamps in southern Finland over one growing season. / Koskinen, Markku; Maanavilja, Liisa Maria; Nieminen, Mika; Minkkinen, Kari; Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina.

In: Mires and Peat, Vol. 17, 02, 28.02.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - High methane emissions from restored Norway spruce swamps in southern Finland over one growing season

AU - Koskinen, Markku

AU - Maanavilja, Liisa Maria

AU - Nieminen, Mika

AU - Minkkinen, Kari

AU - Tuittila, Eeva-Stiina

PY - 2016/2/28

Y1 - 2016/2/28

N2 - Forestry-drained peatlands in the boreal region are currently undergoing restoration in order to bring these ecosystems closer to their natural (undrained) state. Drainage affects the methane (CH4) dynamics of a peatland, often changing sites from CH4 sources to sinks. Successful restoration of a peatland would include restoration of not only the surface vegetation and hydrology, but also the microbial populations and thus CH4 dynamics. As a pilot study, CH4 emissions were measured on two pristine, two drained and three restored boreal spruce swamps in southern Finland for one growing season. Restoration was successful in the sense that the water table level in the restored sites was significantly higher than in the drained sites, but it was also slightly higher than in the pristine sites. The restored sites were surprisingly large sources of CH4 (mean emissions of 52.84 mg CH4 m(-2) d(-1)), contrasting with both the pristine (1.51 mg CH4 m(-2) d(-1)) and the drained sites (2.09 mg CH4 m-(2) d(-1)). More research is needed to assess whether the high CH4 emissions observed in this study are representative of restored spruce mires in general.

AB - Forestry-drained peatlands in the boreal region are currently undergoing restoration in order to bring these ecosystems closer to their natural (undrained) state. Drainage affects the methane (CH4) dynamics of a peatland, often changing sites from CH4 sources to sinks. Successful restoration of a peatland would include restoration of not only the surface vegetation and hydrology, but also the microbial populations and thus CH4 dynamics. As a pilot study, CH4 emissions were measured on two pristine, two drained and three restored boreal spruce swamps in southern Finland for one growing season. Restoration was successful in the sense that the water table level in the restored sites was significantly higher than in the drained sites, but it was also slightly higher than in the pristine sites. The restored sites were surprisingly large sources of CH4 (mean emissions of 52.84 mg CH4 m(-2) d(-1)), contrasting with both the pristine (1.51 mg CH4 m(-2) d(-1)) and the drained sites (2.09 mg CH4 m-(2) d(-1)). More research is needed to assess whether the high CH4 emissions observed in this study are representative of restored spruce mires in general.

KW - 4112 Forestry

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KW - WATER-TABLE

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KW - CUTAWAY PEATLANDS

KW - VEGETATION CHANGE

KW - BOREAL PEATLANDS

KW - CO2 FLUXES

KW - FORESTRY

KW - MIRES

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ER -