How do work engagement, workaholism, and the work-family interface affect each other? A 7-year follow-up study.

Jari Hakanen, Maria Peeters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Objective. To investigate the long-term relationships between work engagement, workaholism, work-to-family enrichment (WFE), and work-to-family conflict (WFC).
Methods. We used structural equation modelling and the three-wave seven-year follow-up data of 1580 Finnish dentists to test our hypotheses.
Results. Work engagement and WFE mutually predicted each other, and work engagement also negatively predicted WFC. Workaholism predicted WFC, but not vice versa. Work engagement and workaholism were unrelated over time.
Conclusions. The results indicate that beyond its suggested benefits for organizations, work engagement may boost the positive interaction between work and family, whereas workaholism is likely to lead to work-family conflict over time. It is valuable for organizations to distinguish work engagement from workaholism, and to enhance the former while preventing the latter in order to have sustainably hard working working employees with happy home lives.
Translated title of the contributionKuinka työn imu, työholsimi ja työn ja perhe-elämän vuorovaikutus vaikuttavat toisiinsa? Seitsemän vuosen seurantatutkimus
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)601-609
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 515 Psychology

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