How to increase sustainability in the Finnish wine supply chain? Insights from a country of origin based greenhouse gas emissions analysis

Helena Ponstein, Stefano Ghinoi, Bodo Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

As wine supply chains become increasingly globalized, sustainability issues take on ever greater importance. This is the first study to analyse the environmental sustainability aspect of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from a global wine supply chain perspective, covering just over 90% of Finland's wine imports. Lacking substantial domestic production capacity, virtually all wine consumed in Finland is imported. Finland is comparable to its Nordic neighbours, Sweden and Norway, in this respect. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was combined with sensitivity and scenario analyses to investigate GHG emissions implications from prospective policy changes. Our results spotlight differences
related to wine production in the eight main wine producing countries for the Finnish market (Australia, Chile, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, South Africa, and the United States), related logistics, and all packaging types for wine used in Finland (glass bottle, Bag-in-Box, PET bottle, beverage carton, and pouch). We found an average value of 1.23 kg CO2e for 0.75 L wine consumed in Finland, ranging from 0.59 kg CO2e for French wine in a bag-in-box packaging to 1.92 kg CO2e for Australian wine in a glass bottle. After identifying the main GHG emission hotspots in the wine supply chain, our scenario analyses highlight the effects of reducing glass bottle weight, moving away from glass packaging toward bag-inbox, increasing bulk wine export volumes to Finland, and following the European Commission's Energy 2020 strategy which targets increasing energy efficiency by 20 percent.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume226
Pages (from-to)768-780
Number of pages13
ISSN0959-6526
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 1172 Environmental sciences
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • Wine
  • Supply chain management
  • Scenario analysis
  • Finland
  • LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT
  • CARBON FOOTPRINT
  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
  • ANALYZING UNCERTAINTY
  • SENSITIVITY-ANALYSIS
  • WATER FOOTPRINT
  • RED WINE
  • SECTOR
  • CONSUMPTION
  • VINEYARDS

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