IGF-1 concentrations after weaning in young sows fed different pre-mating diets are positively associated with piglet mean birth weight at subsequent farrowing

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Pre-mating diets can influence piglet birth weight and within-litter birth weight variation and thereby piglet survival and development. The major objective of this study was to evaluate the litter characteristics of young sows whose pre-mating diets received different supplementation. The supplements included a top-dressing of 200 g, consisting of either wheat (CON) or wheat plus microfibrillated cellulose, L-camitine or L-arginine at one of two supplementation levels (low and high) in late lactation and during the weaning-to-oestrus interval (WEI). The second objective was to investigate the role of body condition loss and IGF-1 concentration during the WEI for subsequent litter characteristics. In total, sows after their first (N =41) and second (N 15) lactation were used. One week before weaning, the sows were allocated to the seven treatments based on the number of piglets and BW loss from farrowing until 1 week before weaning. Pre-mating diets did not affect litter characteristics at subsequent farrowing. However, at subsequent farrowing, sows after their first lactation had a lower total number of piglets born per litter (18.3 v. 20.3), higher mean piglet birth weight (1365 v. 1253 g), lower CV of birth weight (20.0 v. 26.1%) and lower percentage of piglets

Original languageEnglish
Article number100029
Issue number1
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • IGF
  • Litter uniformity
  • Metabolic state
  • Piglet birth weight
  • Sow reproduction
  • 413 Veterinary science
  • 412 Animal science, dairy science

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