Impairments of executive functionin young children referred to child psychiatric outpatient clinic

Hanna Huhdanpää, Liisa Klenberg, Hannu Westerinen, Paula Hannele Bergman, Eeva Tuulikki Aronen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Few studies have reported on the quantity and quality of executive function (EF) deficits in young children referred to child psychiatric outpatient clinic with multiple psychiatric symptoms. We evaluated the EF deficits with the Attention and Executive Function Rating Inventory-Preschool (ATTEX-P) filled out by day care teachers for 4- to 7-year-old clinical group (n = 171) and reference group (n = 709). Family background information was collected from all families by parent questionnaire. Diagnoses of the referred children were collected from medical records. Clinical group exhibited higher mean ranks across the ATTEX-P Total score and all nine subscales than reference group (p <.001). Most of the children in the clinical group (58.5%) showed a significant amount of EF deficits (ATTEX-P Total score over clinical cut-off) including distractibility (55.6%) and impulsivity (53.8%) regardless of their diagnoses. In a multiple logistic regression model (controlling for age, gender and parental education), children in the clinical group had increased risk (odds ratio (OR)) = 10.6, 95% confidence interval (CI) = [6.88, 16.2], p <.001) for scoring over the clinical cut-off point on the ATTEX-P Total score. Assessment of EFs should be a routine part of the treatment plan in young children referred to child psychiatric outpatient clinic as it may guide the treatment choices.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry
Volume24
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)95-111
Number of pages17
ISSN1359-1045
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • Executive function
  • child psychiatric evaluation
  • preschool age
  • assessment of EF
  • EF rating scale
  • VISUOSPATIAL WORKING-MEMORY
  • PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN
  • PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES
  • FUNCTION DEFICITS
  • RATING INVENTORY
  • ADHD
  • ATTENTION
  • 515 Psychology
  • 3124 Neurology and psychiatry

Cite this

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title = "Impairments of executive functionin young children referred to child psychiatric outpatient clinic",
abstract = "Few studies have reported on the quantity and quality of executive function (EF) deficits in young children referred to child psychiatric outpatient clinic with multiple psychiatric symptoms. We evaluated the EF deficits with the Attention and Executive Function Rating Inventory-Preschool (ATTEX-P) filled out by day care teachers for 4- to 7-year-old clinical group (n = 171) and reference group (n = 709). Family background information was collected from all families by parent questionnaire. Diagnoses of the referred children were collected from medical records. Clinical group exhibited higher mean ranks across the ATTEX-P Total score and all nine subscales than reference group (p <.001). Most of the children in the clinical group (58.5{\%}) showed a significant amount of EF deficits (ATTEX-P Total score over clinical cut-off) including distractibility (55.6{\%}) and impulsivity (53.8{\%}) regardless of their diagnoses. In a multiple logistic regression model (controlling for age, gender and parental education), children in the clinical group had increased risk (odds ratio (OR)) = 10.6, 95{\%} confidence interval (CI) = [6.88, 16.2], p <.001) for scoring over the clinical cut-off point on the ATTEX-P Total score. Assessment of EFs should be a routine part of the treatment plan in young children referred to child psychiatric outpatient clinic as it may guide the treatment choices.",
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Impairments of executive functionin young children referred to child psychiatric outpatient clinic. / Huhdanpää, Hanna; Klenberg, Liisa; Westerinen, Hannu; Bergman, Paula Hannele; Aronen, Eeva Tuulikki.

In: Clinical Child Psychology & Psychiatry, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 95-111.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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