In situ production of vitamin B12 and dextran in soya flour and rice bran: A tool to improve flavour and texture of B12-fortified bread

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This study aimed to develop a fermentation process that allows the concomitant production of dextran (a texture-enhancing agent) and vitamin B12 (in situ fortification) for bread applications. Mixed fermentation of soya flour or rice bran using Propionibacterium freudenreichii DSM 20271 and Weissella confusa A16 with added sucrose resulted in substantial quantities of dextran (5.6-5.8% dry matter) and B12 (7.9-8.9 mu g/100 g fresh weight), together with antifungal metabolites (e.g. acetic and propionic acids). In addition to an extended mould-free shelf life, the bread containing 50% (dough weight) fermented soya flour or rice bran not only contained adequate levels of B12 but also exhibited improved texture and sensory quality compared to the control, such as a higher loaf volume, a softer crumb, and a more cohesive and moister mouthfeel. The mixed fermentation reduced the beany or cooked-rice flavour but increased sour and cheesy flavours and aftertaste. Dextran pro-duced during the fermentation process exhibited a masking effect on the beany and sour notes and aftertaste, consistently with reduced levels of green or grassy volatiles (e.g. hexanal, heptanal, (E,E)-2,4-decadienal, and 2-pentylfuran). Overall, the mixed fermentation method using P. freudenreichii DSM 20271 and W. confusa A16 showed potential for B12 fortification of bread products with high sensory quality.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113407
JournalLWT-Food Science and Technology
Issue number113407
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 416 Food Science
  • Vitamin B12
  • Propionibacterium freudenreichii
  • Dextran
  • Sourdough bread
  • Flavour
  • ACID
  • SPP.

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