By the present day only a handful of models are left to compete for a solution concerning the reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European (PIE) laryngeal and vowel system. The remaining hybrid versions of the laryngeal theory, as proposed by EICHNER, MELCHERT, KORTLANDT, and RIX, explain the Indo-European (IE) vocalisms with both the laryngeals *h1 *h2 *h3 and at least two of the proto- vowels *e *o *a. Due to this dual fixation these models are inherently ambiguous, as in principle every IE vocalism can be explained with both a laryngeal and the respective vowel. This means that the laryngeal theory is ultimately incapable of solving the PIE laryngeal and vowel problem, and the only way out is a radical simplification of the framework. A simplification was first proposed by Oswald SZEMERÉNYI, who reconstructed a single glottal fricative PIE *h = Hitt. ḫ, accompanied by a near equivalent of the Neogrammarian vowel system *a e o ā ē ō å ǝ. Despite the need for additional work on a number of key problems, monolaryngealism, as proposed by him, remains the only realistic option for Indo-European linguistics in the 21st century.
|Journal||Proto-Indo-European Linguistics – Urindogermanische Sprachforschungen|
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
Fields of Science
- 6121 Languages
- Indo-European linguistics