Projects per year
The study findings suggest that certain prosodic and non-verbal features are often associated with trouble-source turns. For example, in 84% of the cases here, there is no eye contact between the speaker producing a trouble-source turn and the one who initiates the repair sequence. Sometimes the lack of eye contact is associated with overlapping speech (38%). Concerning the prosody, the most frequent feature is a creaky voice, which occurs in 35% of the trouble-source turns. A quiet voice (31%), large pitch excursions (24%), stretched syllables (18%) and jerky speech rhythms (16%) are examples of other prosodic features that could be found in the trouble-source turns of the data.
The results of this study demonstrate that ASD persons’ tendency to avoid direct eye contact as well as the occurrences of certain deviant prosodic features in their speech are factors that affect the fluidity of interaction and are related to the creation of understanding problems. However, only in a very few cases do non-verbal and prosodic features seem to be the main cause of the problem of understanding. The two most common causes of understanding problems in these data are overly literal interpretation of speech and topical discontinuities.
The study also gives new evidence about autistic persons’ pragmatic and interactional skills. Indeed, the data include passages in which the informants seem to have the ability to make certain inferences about the mental states of others. This is remarkable, because it is known that the ability in question is impaired in autism.
Fields of Science
- 6121 Languages
Wiklund, M., Lintunen, P., Nieminen, T. & Ullakonoja, R.
27/05/2014 → …
Project: Research project
Härmä, J., Nummi, J., Liikanen, E., Kursisa, A., Kärnä, A., Vesalainen, M., Möbius, M., Muhonen, N., Presilla-Strauss, A. V., Hyvärinen, I., Korhonen, J., Kempas, I., Suomela-Härmä, E., Schirrmann, P., Giessen, H., Rink, C., Lenk, H. E. H., Ursin, M., Granvik, A., Paloheimo, M., Isosävi, J., Ruusila, A., Bartens, A., Rennicke, I., Lahti, L., Rostila, J., Carrión Peña, L., Richter-Vapaatalo, U., Garavelli, E., Ala-Risku, R., Imperato, C., Wiklund, M., Haule, M., Holttinen, T., Havu, E., Riiho, T., Sanromán Vilas, B., Lantto, H., Affram, A. & Jeltsch, C.
01/01/2013 → 31/12/2016
Project: Research Evaluation 2011