Introversion and Social Engagement: Scale Validation, Their Interaction, and Positive Association with Self-Esteem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Learning through social interaction has been documented widely, however, how introverted people are socially engaged in learning is largely unknown. The aim of this study was, first, to examine the reliability and validity of the social engagement scale among students at Finnish comprehensive schools. Then we aimed to examine the interaction effect of introversion and social engagement on self-esteem, schoolwork engagement and school burnout. Based on a sample of 862 ninth grade students in Finland, we found that two-factor model best fitted the social engagement scale (i.e., social engagement and social disengagement). Further, we found that introverts with high social engagement have higher self-esteem than introverts with low social engagement. Our results implied that introverts should be given extra support when they encounter group work in school.
Original languageEnglish
Article number590748
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume11
Number of pages11
ISSN1664-1078
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 516 Educational sciences
  • 515 Psychology
  • engagement
  • student engagement
  • school engagement
  • academic engagement
  • social engagement
  • well-being
  • adolescent
  • high school
  • HIGH-SCHOOL-STUDENTS
  • ADOLESCENTS PERCEPTIONS
  • INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
  • PERSONALITY-TRAITS
  • BURNOUT
  • EXTROVERSION
  • SUPPORT
  • ENVIRONMENT
  • CLASSROOM
  • HAPPINESS

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