Measurements of anisotropic flow coefficients (vn) and their cross-correlations using two- and multiparticle cumulant methods are reported in collisions of pp at √s=13 TeV, p−Pb at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon pair √sNN=5.02 TeV, Xe-Xe at √sNN=5.44 TeV, and Pb-Pb at √sNN=5.02 TeV recorded with the ALICE detector. The multiplicity dependence of vn is studied in a very wide range from 20 to 3000 particles produced in the midrapidity region |η|<0.8 for the transverse momentum range 0.2<pT<3.0 GeV/c. An ordering of the coefficients v2>v3>v4 is found in pp and p−Pb collisions, similar to that seen in large collision systems, while a weak v2
multiplicity dependence is observed relative to nucleus-nucleus
collisions in the same multiplicity range. Using a novel subevent
method, v2 measured with four-particle cumulants is found to be compatible with that from six-particle cumulants in pp and p−Pb collisions. The magnitude of the correlation between v2n and v2m, evaluated with the symmetric cumulants SC(m,n) is observed to be positive at all multiplicities for v2 and v4, while for v2 and v3 it is negative and changes sign for multiplicities below 100, which may indicate a different vn
fluctuation pattern in this multiplicity range. The observed long-range
multiparticle azimuthal correlations in high multiplicity pp and p−Pb collisions can neither be described by pythia 8 nor by impact-parameter-Glasma, music,
and ultrarelativistic quantum molecular dynamics model calculations,
and hence, provide new insights into the understanding of collective
effects in small collision systems.
The ALICE Collaboration, Acharya, S., Chang, B., Kim, D. J., Krizek, F., Mieskolainen, M. M., ... Zhou, Z.
(2019). Investigations of Anisotropic Flow Using Multiparticle Azimuthal Correlationsinpp,p-Pb, Xe-Xe, and Pb-Pb Collisions at the LHC
. Physical Review Letters
(14), . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.142301