Is there a cost-effective way to diagnose mild sleep-disordered breathing?

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QUESTION OF THE STUDY: To determine the utility and the cost-effectiveness of oesophageal pressure, respiratory flow and movement, and oximetry (ORO) as a diagnostic tool for mild sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), as compared with overnight polysomnography (PSG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine patients evaluated for mild SDB by PSG and simultaneously by oesophageal pressure (Pes) measurement, oximetry, respiratory flow and respiratory movement on a single night. An oesophageal event (OE) was defined as irregular respiration with crescendo in Pes and rapid return to baseline with a minimal increase in the negative Pes at the end of the OE of at least 5 cm H2O or more than 50% of the baseline level. SDB was defined by ORO when oesophageal events were > 5/h, and by PSG when the respiratory disturbance index was > 5/h. The diagnostic accuracy and cost-effectiveness of ORO were compared with PSG. RESULTS: Although the ability of ORO to detect SDB was poor: sensitivity 64%, specificity 78%, use of ORO for screening prior to PSG would have saved 5000 EUR per 100 patients compared to initial PSG. CONCLUSION: Using the combination of oesophageal pressure, respiratory flow and movement and oximetry for the diagnosis of mild SDB is not cost-effective, because of its poor diagnostic accuracy. New devices having alternative means to predict arousal and respiratory effort variation should be evaluated for cost-effectiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Article number12195839
JournalRespiratory Medicine
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)586-93
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2002
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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