Jefferson, Thomas

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Thomas Jefferson was a Virginia slaveholder (1743–1826), the author of the American Declaration of Independence (1776), and the third president of the United States (1801–1809). He was also the leader of the early Democratic-Republican party, which opposed the Alexander Hamilton-led Federalist party in the late 1790s – all this to the effect that the period of American history after his election to the presidency in 1800 is known as the Jeffersonian Era. Jefferson can also be characterized as the very embodiment of the American Enlightenment, because alongside his impressive political career, he was a cosmopolitan intellectual, a famous architect, an amateur botanist and anthropologist, and a champion of religious freedom. Particularly, he is known for his inveterate, even if typically eighteenth-century optimism about human progress in sciences, in morality, and in material welfare.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of the History of the Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy
Number of pages7
PublisherSpringer Nature
Publication date2023
ISBN (Print)978-3-031-19548-8
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-031-19546-4
Publication statusPublished - 2023
MoE publication typeA3 Book chapter

Publication series

NameStudies in the History of Law and Justice
ISSN (Print)2198-9842
ISSN (Electronic)2198-9850

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2023.

Fields of Science

  • 615 History and Archaeology

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