Joint trajectories of task value in multiple subject domains: From both variable- and pattern-centered perspectives

Jiesi Guo, Ming-Te Wang, Elina E. Ketonen, Jacquelynne Sue Eccles, Katariina Salmela-Aro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This study used variable- and pattern-centered approaches to better capture the impact of adolescents’ joint developmental trajectories of subjective task values (STVs) in three domains (Finnish, math and science, and social subject) from grades 9 to 11 on science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) aspirations at four years postsecondary school and STEM participation at six years postsecondary school (N = 849 Finnish youth; 52.1% female; 99% native Finnish). Results showed that while adolescents’ average STVs in different domains remained stable, three differential joint STV trajectories emerged across domains. Individual changes of STVs in one domain shaped STVs in other domains to form unique relative STV hierarchies within subgroups that impacted long-term STEM aspirations and participation. Gender differences in STV trajectory profile distributions partially explained the overall underrepresentation of women in STEM fields. This study is among the first to incorporate multiple domains and explore how STVs fluctuate over time in both homogeneous and heterogeneous fashions. These findings underscore the importance of examining heterogeneity in motivational trajectories across domains.
Original languageEnglish
JournalContemporary Educational Psychology
Volume55
Pages (from-to)139-154
Number of pages16
ISSN0361-476X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Oct 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 516 Educational sciences
  • Expectancy-value theory
  • Task values
  • Gender gap
  • STEM
  • career choice
  • EXPECTANCY-VALUE THEORY
  • GROWTH MIXTURE-MODELS
  • MATHEMATICS ACHIEVEMENT
  • MOTIVATION
  • ASPIRATIONS
  • gender
  • childhood
  • PROFILES
  • BELIEFS
  • SCIENCE
  • 515 Psychology

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