Judeans in Babylonia: A Study of Deportees in the Sixth and Fifth Centuries BCE

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisMonograph

Abstract

This dissertation investigates the life of Judean deportees in Babylonia in the sixth and fifth centuries BCE. The results from the study of Judeans are placed in the wider context of Babylonian society and are evaluated by using a group of Neirabian deportees as a point of comparison. The sources of this study consist of 289 clay tablets written in Akkadian cuneiform, such as promissory notes, leases, receipts, and lists. The dissertation shows that there was considerable diversity in the deportees’ socio-economic status and integration into Babylonian society. The majority of deportees were settled in the countryside and integrated into the land-for-service system, which was aimed at increasing agricultural output and providing the state with labour, soldiers, and tax income. In addition, foreign professionals were employed in cities, and the worlds of commerce and royal administration were open to some deportees. A relatively small number of deportees were donated to Babylonian temples. The Babylonian practice of settling deportees in ethnically homogenous rural communities supported the survival of their culture and traditions in the countryside. Adoption of Babylonian names and culture was faster among those Judeans who lived in cities and were in regular contact with the native population.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Biblical Studies
Award date17 Jan 2018
Place of PublicationHelsinki
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789515138316
Electronic ISBNs9789515138323
Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2018
MoE publication typeG4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)

Fields of Science

  • 614 Theology
  • Old Testament studies
  • 615 History and Archaeology
  • Assyriology

Cite this

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title = "Judeans in Babylonia: A Study of Deportees in the Sixth and Fifth Centuries BCE",
abstract = "This dissertation investigates the life of Judean deportees in Babylonia in the sixth and fifth centuries BCE. The results from the study of Judeans are placed in the wider context of Babylonian society and are evaluated by using a group of Neirabian deportees as a point of comparison. The sources of this study consist of 289 clay tablets written in Akkadian cuneiform, such as promissory notes, leases, receipts, and lists. The dissertation shows that there was considerable diversity in the deportees’ socio-economic status and integration into Babylonian society. The majority of deportees were settled in the countryside and integrated into the land-for-service system, which was aimed at increasing agricultural output and providing the state with labour, soldiers, and tax income. In addition, foreign professionals were employed in cities, and the worlds of commerce and royal administration were open to some deportees. A relatively small number of deportees were donated to Babylonian temples. The Babylonian practice of settling deportees in ethnically homogenous rural communities supported the survival of their culture and traditions in the countryside. Adoption of Babylonian names and culture was faster among those Judeans who lived in cities and were in regular contact with the native population.",
keywords = "614 Theology, Vanhan testamentin eksegetiikka, Old Testament studies, 615 History and Archaeology, assyriologia, Assyriology",
author = "Tero Alstola",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "17",
language = "English",
isbn = "9789515138316",
publisher = "University of Helsinki",
address = "Finland",
school = "Biblical Studies",

}

Judeans in Babylonia : A Study of Deportees in the Sixth and Fifth Centuries BCE. / Alstola, Tero.

Helsinki : University of Helsinki, 2018. 286 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisMonograph

TY - THES

T1 - Judeans in Babylonia

T2 - A Study of Deportees in the Sixth and Fifth Centuries BCE

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N2 - This dissertation investigates the life of Judean deportees in Babylonia in the sixth and fifth centuries BCE. The results from the study of Judeans are placed in the wider context of Babylonian society and are evaluated by using a group of Neirabian deportees as a point of comparison. The sources of this study consist of 289 clay tablets written in Akkadian cuneiform, such as promissory notes, leases, receipts, and lists. The dissertation shows that there was considerable diversity in the deportees’ socio-economic status and integration into Babylonian society. The majority of deportees were settled in the countryside and integrated into the land-for-service system, which was aimed at increasing agricultural output and providing the state with labour, soldiers, and tax income. In addition, foreign professionals were employed in cities, and the worlds of commerce and royal administration were open to some deportees. A relatively small number of deportees were donated to Babylonian temples. The Babylonian practice of settling deportees in ethnically homogenous rural communities supported the survival of their culture and traditions in the countryside. Adoption of Babylonian names and culture was faster among those Judeans who lived in cities and were in regular contact with the native population.

AB - This dissertation investigates the life of Judean deportees in Babylonia in the sixth and fifth centuries BCE. The results from the study of Judeans are placed in the wider context of Babylonian society and are evaluated by using a group of Neirabian deportees as a point of comparison. The sources of this study consist of 289 clay tablets written in Akkadian cuneiform, such as promissory notes, leases, receipts, and lists. The dissertation shows that there was considerable diversity in the deportees’ socio-economic status and integration into Babylonian society. The majority of deportees were settled in the countryside and integrated into the land-for-service system, which was aimed at increasing agricultural output and providing the state with labour, soldiers, and tax income. In addition, foreign professionals were employed in cities, and the worlds of commerce and royal administration were open to some deportees. A relatively small number of deportees were donated to Babylonian temples. The Babylonian practice of settling deportees in ethnically homogenous rural communities supported the survival of their culture and traditions in the countryside. Adoption of Babylonian names and culture was faster among those Judeans who lived in cities and were in regular contact with the native population.

KW - 614 Theology

KW - Vanhan testamentin eksegetiikka

KW - Old Testament studies

KW - 615 History and Archaeology

KW - assyriologia

KW - Assyriology

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

SN - 9789515138316

PB - University of Helsinki

CY - Helsinki

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