Justification of supranational criminal law: analysis of collective securitization in the EU-level harmonization of money laundering provisions

Tatu Hyttinen, Saila Heinikoski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Tackling terrorism was the prime justification in the European Commission’s proposal for the recently adopted anti-money laundering Directive 2018/1673, the first directive on money laun- dering focused on criminal law rather than administrative measures. We utilize the theory of collective securitization to illustrate how the EU seeks to connect the criminalization of money laundering to the fight against terrorism, requiring, for example, the extension of the crim- inalization of self-laundering. As an example of how the securitizing rhetoric has not convinced the Member States, we discuss the case of Finland, which is willing to extend its criminalization of self- laundering, even though the legal economy rather than protection from terrorism is considered to constitute the object of legal protection. We demonstrate that the use of terrorism-focused securitization is problematic especially in the context of criminal law, because it challenges the traditional understanding of the objects of legal protection as the basis of criminalization.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMaastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)815-832
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - 19 Dec 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 513 Law

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