Justification theory for the analysis of the socio-cultural value of fish and fisheries: The case of Baltic salmon

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Abstract

The ecosystem approach to fisheries management requires ecosystems to be perceived in a holistic way, including the dynamics not only within an ecosystem but also between the ecosystem and society. This implies that people involved in decision-making processes should understand why fish and fisheries are important for society, that is, be aware of the socio-cultural values that people associate with fisheries. In this paper, the justification theory of Boltanski and Thevenot is applied to material collected through a literature review to identify sociocultural values relating to Baltic salmon, and the potential of the approach for fisheries governance is discussed. The analysis demonstrates that fish resources can have multiple meanings to society. Justification theory is found useful for identifying socio-cultural values related to fisheries, since it suggests shifting attention from opposing interests to the common good. Agreeing on the common good is crucial for the legitimacy of governance. However, because the common good can be defined in multiple ways, these definitions have to be made transparent through empirical analysis so that they can be further deliberated, evaluated and agreed upon by governors, stakeholders and others involved.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine Policy
Volume88
Pages (from-to)167-173
Number of pages7
ISSN0308-597X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 5200 Other social sciences
  • Common good
  • Ecosystem-based management
  • Fisheries governance
  • Socio-cultural values
  • INTEGRATED ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENTS
  • SOCIAL VALUES
  • MANAGEMENT MEASURES
  • ECONOMIC VALUE
  • SERVICES
  • GOVERNANCE
  • BIODIVERSITY
  • FINLAND
  • SEA
  • PRINCIPLES

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