Low-level neural auditory discrimination dysfunctions in specific language impairment—A review on mismatch negativity findings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Abstract In specific language impairment (SLI), there is a delay in the child’s oral language skills when compared with nonverbal cognitive abilities. The problems typically relate to phonological and morphological processing and word learning. This article reviews studies which have used mismatch negativity (MMN) in investigating low-level neural auditory dysfunctions in this disorder. With MMN, it is possible to tap the accuracy of neural sound discrimination and sensory memory functions. These studies have found smaller response amplitudes and longer latencies for speech and non-speech sound changes in children with SLI than in typically developing children, suggesting impaired and slow auditory discrimination in SLI. Furthermore, they suggest shortened sensory memory duration and vulnerability of the sensory memory to masking effects. Importantly, some studies reported associations between MMN parameters and language test measures. In addition, it was found that language intervention can influence the abnormal MMN in children with SLI, enhancing its amplitude. These results suggest that the MMN can shed light on the neural basis of various auditory and memory impairments in SLI, which are likely to influence speech perception.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDevelopmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Volume28
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages11
ISSN1878-9293
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 3112 Neurosciences

Cite this

@article{b28007a1962a4038b3bc9f388e9de9a6,
title = "Low-level neural auditory discrimination dysfunctions in specific language impairment—A review on mismatch negativity findings",
abstract = "Abstract In specific language impairment (SLI), there is a delay in the child’s oral language skills when compared with nonverbal cognitive abilities. The problems typically relate to phonological and morphological processing and word learning. This article reviews studies which have used mismatch negativity (MMN) in investigating low-level neural auditory dysfunctions in this disorder. With MMN, it is possible to tap the accuracy of neural sound discrimination and sensory memory functions. These studies have found smaller response amplitudes and longer latencies for speech and non-speech sound changes in children with SLI than in typically developing children, suggesting impaired and slow auditory discrimination in SLI. Furthermore, they suggest shortened sensory memory duration and vulnerability of the sensory memory to masking effects. Importantly, some studies reported associations between MMN parameters and language test measures. In addition, it was found that language intervention can influence the abnormal MMN in children with SLI, enhancing its amplitude. These results suggest that the MMN can shed light on the neural basis of various auditory and memory impairments in SLI, which are likely to influence speech perception.",
keywords = "Specific language impairment, Auditory processing, Mismatch negativity (MMN), 3112 Neurosciences",
author = "Teija Kujala and Miika Leminen",
year = "2017",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.dcn.2017.10.005",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "65--75",
journal = "Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience",
issn = "1878-9293",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd.",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Low-level neural auditory discrimination dysfunctions in specific language impairment—A review on mismatch negativity findings

AU - Kujala, Teija

AU - Leminen, Miika

PY - 2017/12/1

Y1 - 2017/12/1

N2 - Abstract In specific language impairment (SLI), there is a delay in the child’s oral language skills when compared with nonverbal cognitive abilities. The problems typically relate to phonological and morphological processing and word learning. This article reviews studies which have used mismatch negativity (MMN) in investigating low-level neural auditory dysfunctions in this disorder. With MMN, it is possible to tap the accuracy of neural sound discrimination and sensory memory functions. These studies have found smaller response amplitudes and longer latencies for speech and non-speech sound changes in children with SLI than in typically developing children, suggesting impaired and slow auditory discrimination in SLI. Furthermore, they suggest shortened sensory memory duration and vulnerability of the sensory memory to masking effects. Importantly, some studies reported associations between MMN parameters and language test measures. In addition, it was found that language intervention can influence the abnormal MMN in children with SLI, enhancing its amplitude. These results suggest that the MMN can shed light on the neural basis of various auditory and memory impairments in SLI, which are likely to influence speech perception.

AB - Abstract In specific language impairment (SLI), there is a delay in the child’s oral language skills when compared with nonverbal cognitive abilities. The problems typically relate to phonological and morphological processing and word learning. This article reviews studies which have used mismatch negativity (MMN) in investigating low-level neural auditory dysfunctions in this disorder. With MMN, it is possible to tap the accuracy of neural sound discrimination and sensory memory functions. These studies have found smaller response amplitudes and longer latencies for speech and non-speech sound changes in children with SLI than in typically developing children, suggesting impaired and slow auditory discrimination in SLI. Furthermore, they suggest shortened sensory memory duration and vulnerability of the sensory memory to masking effects. Importantly, some studies reported associations between MMN parameters and language test measures. In addition, it was found that language intervention can influence the abnormal MMN in children with SLI, enhancing its amplitude. These results suggest that the MMN can shed light on the neural basis of various auditory and memory impairments in SLI, which are likely to influence speech perception.

KW - Specific language impairment

KW - Auditory processing

KW - Mismatch negativity (MMN)

KW - 3112 Neurosciences

U2 - 10.1016/j.dcn.2017.10.005

DO - 10.1016/j.dcn.2017.10.005

M3 - Article

VL - 28

SP - 65

EP - 75

JO - Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

JF - Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

SN - 1878-9293

ER -