"This paper reviews the use of event-related magnetic fields (ERFs) in infants; ERFs can be derived from magnetoencephatography by means of averaging. Basic perceptive skills are important prerequisites for the infant's later development. The automatic cortical. processes related to processing auditory, somatosensory and visual stimuli can be addressed by using responses recorded directly from the brain. The traditional method, the event-related potential (ERP), has recently been accompanied by ERFs. Similarly to ERPs, higher processes related to short-term memory, stimulus comparisons, and attention allocation can also be studied with ERFs. Further, since addressing the neonatal higher cognitive and social capabilities is challenging using only behavioural means, ERFs provide information on these important functions at a very early stage immediately after birth or in some cases even before birth. The main advantage of ERFs, compared to ERPs, is detection of the signals with high accuracy both with respect to the noise level and estimation of the spatial location. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved."
Fields of Science
- 515 Psychology