MANF is Required for the Postnatal Expansion and Maintenance of the Pancreatic β-Cell Mass in Mice

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Global lack of mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotropic factor (MANF) leads to progressive postnatal loss of β-cells mass and insulin-dependent diabetes in mice. Similarly to Manf -/- mice, embryonic ablation of MANF specifically from the pancreas results in diabetes. In this study, we assessed the importance of MANF for the postnatal expansion of the pancreatic β-cell mass and for adult β-cell maintenance in mice. Detailed analysis of Pdx-1Cre +/- ::Manf fl/fl mice revealed mosaic MANF expression in postnatal pancreases and significant correlation between the number of MANF-positive β-cells and β-cell mass in individual mice. In vitro, recombinant MANF induced β-cell proliferation in islets from aged mice and protected from hyperglycemia-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Consequently, excision of MANF from β-cells of adult MIP-1Cre ERT ::Manf fl/fl mice resulted in reduced β-cell mass and diabetes caused largely by β-cell ER stress and apoptosis, possibly accompanied by β-cell de-differentiation and reduced rates of β-cell proliferation. Thus, MANF expression in adult mouse β-cells is needed for their maintenance in vivo. We also revealed a mechanistic link between ER stress, and inflammatory signaling pathways leading to β-cell death in the absence of MANF. Hence, MANF might be a potential target for regenerative therapy in diabetes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDiabetes
Volume68
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)66-80
Number of pages15
ISSN0012-1797
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM STRESS
  • UNFOLDED PROTEIN RESPONSE
  • NF-KAPPA-B
  • NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR
  • INSULIN DEMAND
  • ER STRESS
  • GENE
  • PROLIFERATION
  • INFLAMMATION
  • DYSFUNCTION
  • 3121 Internal medicine

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