Merisymboliikka kuninkaan vallan oikeuttajana Vanhan testamentin maailmassa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The Symbol of the Sea in Monarchic Legitimation in the World of the Old Testament — The words ‘sea’ and ‘king’ appear together in many ancient Northwest Semitic texts, dating back to the Mari of the Old Babylonian period, featuring in the epics of Late Bronze Age Ugarit, all the way down to biblical texts dating to the Persian period. The sea is also a significant element in many Assyrian and Babylonian royal inscriptions, figuring in the feats of many, if indeed not most, of the kings following the Urukean Lugal-zage-si and Sargon of Agade. While the sea is an important geographical feature on the shore of the Eastern Mediterranean where ancient Ugarit was located, there is much less justification for its prominence in the myths and royal inscriptions of inland empires like Yamkhad, Mari, and Assyria – let alone the Hebrew Bible. The significance of the symbol may lie in the use of the ancient Near Eastern myth of divine combat, or Chaoskampf, as an instrument of monarchic legitimation in the many kingdoms that seem to have modelled their royal ideologies on the example of Sargon and the mythologised narratives of his conquests.
Original languageFinnish
JournalTeologinen Aikakauskirja
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)241-249
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 614 Theology


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