MIDDLE BRONZE AGE BURIALS IN THE SOUTHERN LEVANT: SPARTAN WARRIORS OR ORDINARY PEOPLE?

Raz Kletter, Yosi Levi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Intermediate and Middle Bronze Age tombs with weapons (mainly
daggers) in the southern Levant were often interpreted as ‘warrior graves’.
Taking into consideration new data from Rishon Le-Zion (Israel), recent work
on early warfare and warriors, and a study of so-called ‘warrior graves’ in
Mesopotamia (Rehm 2003), we suggest that most of these graves are not graves
of elite warriors, but typical male burials. We also discuss the assumed ‘burial
kit’ and the decline in numbers of weapons per burial, which is in our view
related to the shift from individual burials (in the Intermediate Bronze and
Middle Bronze IIA periods) to multiple shaft burials (in the Middle Bronze IIB
period).
Original languageEnglish
JournalOxford Journal of Archaeology
Volume35
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)5-27
Number of pages23
ISSN0262-5253
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 615 History and Archaeology

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