Neoadjuvant therapy offers longer survival than upfront surgery for poorly differentiated and higher stage pancreatic cancer

Anna-Maria Nurmi, Harri Mustonen, Helka Parviainen, Katriina Peltola, Caj Haglund, Hanna Seppänen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Neoadjuvant therapy for pancreatic cancer remains controversial. Our aim was to assess differences in survival, disease recurrence and histopathological tumor characteristics between patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy followed by subsequent surgery and patients undergoing upfront surgery.Material and methods: Out of 399 consecutive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients operated at Helsinki University Hospital in 2000-2015, 75 borderline resectable patients were treated with neoadjuvant therapy. Resectable propensity scored patients (n=150) underwent upfront surgery. Neoadjuvant therapy consisted of folfirinox, single gemcitabine or combined with cisplatin, nab-paclitaxel or capecitabine with or without radiation. Survival was calculated with Kaplan-Meier and compared with the Breslow test. Survival was determined from the start of treatment, being the first day of treatment for patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy and the date of surgery for others.Results: Between 2000 and 2015 median disease-specific survival (DSS) [34 vs. 26 months, p=.016] and disease-free survival (DFS) [22 vs. 13 months, p=.001] were longer in patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy than in those undergoing upfront surgery. Survival differences were not significant in the 2000s but were, in turn, among patients treated in the 2010s with better survival for patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy [DSS 35 vs. 26 months, p=.008 and DFS 25 vs. 13 months, p=.001]. Especially patients with poorly differentiated G3 tumors [DSS 30 vs. 11 months, p=.004 and DFS 21 vs. 7 months, p=.001] and higher stage IIB-III [DSS 34 vs. 20 months, p=.006 and DFS 21 vs. 10 months, p=.001] had longer survival when treated with neoadjuvant therapy.Conclusions: PDAC patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy had longer DSS and DFS than those undergoing upfront surgery. Neoadjuvant therapy benefits especially borderline resectable patients with higher stage and poorly differentiated tumors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Oncologica
Volume57
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)799-806
Number of pages8
ISSN0284-186X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 3122 Cancers
  • SINGLE-INSTITUTION EXPERIENCE
  • DUCTAL ADENOCARCINOMA
  • SURGICAL COMPLICATIONS
  • GEMCITABINE
  • COMPLETION
  • MANAGEMENT
  • DISEASE
  • IMPACT

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