Neptunium(V) transport in granitic rock: A laboratory scale study on the influence of bentonite colloids

O. Elo, P. Hölttä, P. Kekäläinen, M. Voutilainen, Nina Maria Huittinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In the present study neptunium(V) uptake by crystalline granitic rock (Kuru Grey granite) and the role of stable and mobile bentonite colloids (MX-80) on the migration of neptunium(V) was investigated. Two different experimental setups were utilized, batch-type experiments under stagnant conditions and column experiments under flowing water conditions. The uptake of 10(-6) M neptunium(V) by 40 g/L crushed granite in 10 mM NaClO4 was found to be pH-dependent, whereas neptunium(V) uptake by MX-80 bentonite colloids (0.08-0.8 g/L) was pH-independent up to a pH-value of approximately 11. Column experiments were conducted in the presence and absence of colloids at two pH values (pH = 8 and 10) and two flow rates (0.3 and 0.8 mL/h) in 10 mM NaClO4. The injected neptunium(V) concentration was 2x10(-4) M and the colloid concentration ranged from 0.08 to 0.32 g/L. The properties of the flow field in the columns were investigated with a conservative chloride tracer, at the same two flow rates of 0.8 and 0.3 mL/h. The resulting breakthrough curves were modeled using the analytical solution of advection-matrix diffusion equation. A tailing of neptunium(V) breakthrough curves in comparison to the conservative tracer was observed, which could be explained by a slightly higher retardation of neptunium(V) in the column caused by sorption on the granite. The sorption was in general lower at pH 8 than at pH 10. In addition, the tailing was almost identical in the absence and presence of MX-80 bentonite colloids, implying that the influence of colloids on the neptunium(V) mobility is almost negligible.

Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Geochemistry
Volume103
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
ISSN0883-2927
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 116 Chemical sciences
  • 1171 Geosciences

Cite this

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title = "Neptunium(V) transport in granitic rock: A laboratory scale study on the influence of bentonite colloids",
abstract = "In the present study neptunium(V) uptake by crystalline granitic rock (Kuru Grey granite) and the role of stable and mobile bentonite colloids (MX-80) on the migration of neptunium(V) was investigated. Two different experimental setups were utilized, batch-type experiments under stagnant conditions and column experiments under flowing water conditions. The uptake of 10(-6) M neptunium(V) by 40 g/L crushed granite in 10 mM NaClO4 was found to be pH-dependent, whereas neptunium(V) uptake by MX-80 bentonite colloids (0.08-0.8 g/L) was pH-independent up to a pH-value of approximately 11. Column experiments were conducted in the presence and absence of colloids at two pH values (pH = 8 and 10) and two flow rates (0.3 and 0.8 mL/h) in 10 mM NaClO4. The injected neptunium(V) concentration was 2x10(-4) M and the colloid concentration ranged from 0.08 to 0.32 g/L. The properties of the flow field in the columns were investigated with a conservative chloride tracer, at the same two flow rates of 0.8 and 0.3 mL/h. The resulting breakthrough curves were modeled using the analytical solution of advection-matrix diffusion equation. A tailing of neptunium(V) breakthrough curves in comparison to the conservative tracer was observed, which could be explained by a slightly higher retardation of neptunium(V) in the column caused by sorption on the granite. The sorption was in general lower at pH 8 than at pH 10. In addition, the tailing was almost identical in the absence and presence of MX-80 bentonite colloids, implying that the influence of colloids on the neptunium(V) mobility is almost negligible.",
keywords = "116 Chemical sciences, 1171 Geosciences",
author = "O. Elo and P. H{\"o}ltt{\"a} and P. Kek{\"a}l{\"a}inen and M. Voutilainen and Huittinen, {Nina Maria}",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.apgeochem.2019.01.015",
language = "English",
volume = "103",
pages = "31--39",
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Neptunium(V) transport in granitic rock : A laboratory scale study on the influence of bentonite colloids. / Elo, O.; Hölttä, P.; Kekäläinen, P.; Voutilainen, M.; Huittinen, Nina Maria.

In: Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 103, 04.2019, p. 31-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neptunium(V) transport in granitic rock

T2 - A laboratory scale study on the influence of bentonite colloids

AU - Elo, O.

AU - Hölttä, P.

AU - Kekäläinen, P.

AU - Voutilainen, M.

AU - Huittinen, Nina Maria

PY - 2019/4

Y1 - 2019/4

N2 - In the present study neptunium(V) uptake by crystalline granitic rock (Kuru Grey granite) and the role of stable and mobile bentonite colloids (MX-80) on the migration of neptunium(V) was investigated. Two different experimental setups were utilized, batch-type experiments under stagnant conditions and column experiments under flowing water conditions. The uptake of 10(-6) M neptunium(V) by 40 g/L crushed granite in 10 mM NaClO4 was found to be pH-dependent, whereas neptunium(V) uptake by MX-80 bentonite colloids (0.08-0.8 g/L) was pH-independent up to a pH-value of approximately 11. Column experiments were conducted in the presence and absence of colloids at two pH values (pH = 8 and 10) and two flow rates (0.3 and 0.8 mL/h) in 10 mM NaClO4. The injected neptunium(V) concentration was 2x10(-4) M and the colloid concentration ranged from 0.08 to 0.32 g/L. The properties of the flow field in the columns were investigated with a conservative chloride tracer, at the same two flow rates of 0.8 and 0.3 mL/h. The resulting breakthrough curves were modeled using the analytical solution of advection-matrix diffusion equation. A tailing of neptunium(V) breakthrough curves in comparison to the conservative tracer was observed, which could be explained by a slightly higher retardation of neptunium(V) in the column caused by sorption on the granite. The sorption was in general lower at pH 8 than at pH 10. In addition, the tailing was almost identical in the absence and presence of MX-80 bentonite colloids, implying that the influence of colloids on the neptunium(V) mobility is almost negligible.

AB - In the present study neptunium(V) uptake by crystalline granitic rock (Kuru Grey granite) and the role of stable and mobile bentonite colloids (MX-80) on the migration of neptunium(V) was investigated. Two different experimental setups were utilized, batch-type experiments under stagnant conditions and column experiments under flowing water conditions. The uptake of 10(-6) M neptunium(V) by 40 g/L crushed granite in 10 mM NaClO4 was found to be pH-dependent, whereas neptunium(V) uptake by MX-80 bentonite colloids (0.08-0.8 g/L) was pH-independent up to a pH-value of approximately 11. Column experiments were conducted in the presence and absence of colloids at two pH values (pH = 8 and 10) and two flow rates (0.3 and 0.8 mL/h) in 10 mM NaClO4. The injected neptunium(V) concentration was 2x10(-4) M and the colloid concentration ranged from 0.08 to 0.32 g/L. The properties of the flow field in the columns were investigated with a conservative chloride tracer, at the same two flow rates of 0.8 and 0.3 mL/h. The resulting breakthrough curves were modeled using the analytical solution of advection-matrix diffusion equation. A tailing of neptunium(V) breakthrough curves in comparison to the conservative tracer was observed, which could be explained by a slightly higher retardation of neptunium(V) in the column caused by sorption on the granite. The sorption was in general lower at pH 8 than at pH 10. In addition, the tailing was almost identical in the absence and presence of MX-80 bentonite colloids, implying that the influence of colloids on the neptunium(V) mobility is almost negligible.

KW - 116 Chemical sciences

KW - 1171 Geosciences

U2 - 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2019.01.015

DO - 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2019.01.015

M3 - Article

VL - 103

SP - 31

EP - 39

JO - Applied Geochemistry

JF - Applied Geochemistry

SN - 0883-2927

ER -