Abstract

Objective Auditory change-detection responses provide information on sound discrimination and memory skills in infants. We examined both the automatic change-detection process and processing of emotional information content in speech in preterm infants in comparison to full-term infants at term age. Methods Preterm (n = 21) and full-term infants' (n = 20) event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded at term age. A challenging multi-feature mismatch negativity (MMN) paradigm with phonetic deviants and rare emotional speech sounds (happy, sad, angry), and a simple one-deviant oddball paradigm with pure tones were used. Results Positive mismatch responses (MMR) were found to the emotional sounds and some of the phonetic deviants in preterm and full-term infants in the multi-feature MMN paradigm. Additionally, late positive MMRs to the phonetic deviants were elicited in the preterm group. However, no group differences to speech-sound changes were discovered. In the oddball paradigm, preterm infants had positive MMRs to the deviant change in all latency windows. Responses to non-speech sounds were larger in preterm infants in the second latency window, as well as in the first latency window at the left hemisphere electrodes (F3, C3). Conclusions No significant group-level differences were discovered in the neural processing of speech sounds between preterm and full-term infants at term age. Change-detection of non-speech sounds, however, may be enhanced in preterm infants at term age. Significance Auditory processing of speech sounds in healthy preterm infants showed similarities to full-term infants at term age. Large individual variations within the groups may reflect some underlying differences that call for further studies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
ISSN0167-8760
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14 Nov 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • Auditory change-detection
  • Emotion processing
  • Event-related potential (ERP)
  • Mismatch negativity (MMN)
  • Mismatch response (MMR)
  • Preterm infant
  • 3112 Neurosciences
  • 515 Psychology

Cite this

@article{f3690db7d3854cf7958d6bcbc22827c7,
title = "Neural processing of changes in phonetic and emotional speech sounds and tones in preterm infants at term age",
abstract = "Objective Auditory change-detection responses provide information on sound discrimination and memory skills in infants. We examined both the automatic change-detection process and processing of emotional information content in speech in preterm infants in comparison to full-term infants at term age. Methods Preterm (n = 21) and full-term infants' (n = 20) event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded at term age. A challenging multi-feature mismatch negativity (MMN) paradigm with phonetic deviants and rare emotional speech sounds (happy, sad, angry), and a simple one-deviant oddball paradigm with pure tones were used. Results Positive mismatch responses (MMR) were found to the emotional sounds and some of the phonetic deviants in preterm and full-term infants in the multi-feature MMN paradigm. Additionally, late positive MMRs to the phonetic deviants were elicited in the preterm group. However, no group differences to speech-sound changes were discovered. In the oddball paradigm, preterm infants had positive MMRs to the deviant change in all latency windows. Responses to non-speech sounds were larger in preterm infants in the second latency window, as well as in the first latency window at the left hemisphere electrodes (F3, C3). Conclusions No significant group-level differences were discovered in the neural processing of speech sounds between preterm and full-term infants at term age. Change-detection of non-speech sounds, however, may be enhanced in preterm infants at term age. Significance Auditory processing of speech sounds in healthy preterm infants showed similarities to full-term infants at term age. Large individual variations within the groups may reflect some underlying differences that call for further studies.",
keywords = "Auditory change-detection, Emotion processing, Event-related potential (ERP), Mismatch negativity (MMN), Mismatch response (MMR), Preterm infant, 3112 Neurosciences, 515 Psychology",
author = "Kaisamari Kostilainen and Eino Partanen and Kaija Mikkola and Valtteri Wikstr{\"o}m and Satu Pakarinen and Vineta Fellman and Minna Huotilainen",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.10.009",
language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of Psychophysiology",
issn = "0167-8760",
publisher = "Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Neural processing of changes in phonetic and emotional speech sounds and tones in preterm infants at term age

AU - Kostilainen, Kaisamari

AU - Partanen, Eino

AU - Mikkola, Kaija

AU - Wikström, Valtteri

AU - Pakarinen, Satu

AU - Fellman, Vineta

AU - Huotilainen, Minna

PY - 2019/11/14

Y1 - 2019/11/14

N2 - Objective Auditory change-detection responses provide information on sound discrimination and memory skills in infants. We examined both the automatic change-detection process and processing of emotional information content in speech in preterm infants in comparison to full-term infants at term age. Methods Preterm (n = 21) and full-term infants' (n = 20) event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded at term age. A challenging multi-feature mismatch negativity (MMN) paradigm with phonetic deviants and rare emotional speech sounds (happy, sad, angry), and a simple one-deviant oddball paradigm with pure tones were used. Results Positive mismatch responses (MMR) were found to the emotional sounds and some of the phonetic deviants in preterm and full-term infants in the multi-feature MMN paradigm. Additionally, late positive MMRs to the phonetic deviants were elicited in the preterm group. However, no group differences to speech-sound changes were discovered. In the oddball paradigm, preterm infants had positive MMRs to the deviant change in all latency windows. Responses to non-speech sounds were larger in preterm infants in the second latency window, as well as in the first latency window at the left hemisphere electrodes (F3, C3). Conclusions No significant group-level differences were discovered in the neural processing of speech sounds between preterm and full-term infants at term age. Change-detection of non-speech sounds, however, may be enhanced in preterm infants at term age. Significance Auditory processing of speech sounds in healthy preterm infants showed similarities to full-term infants at term age. Large individual variations within the groups may reflect some underlying differences that call for further studies.

AB - Objective Auditory change-detection responses provide information on sound discrimination and memory skills in infants. We examined both the automatic change-detection process and processing of emotional information content in speech in preterm infants in comparison to full-term infants at term age. Methods Preterm (n = 21) and full-term infants' (n = 20) event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded at term age. A challenging multi-feature mismatch negativity (MMN) paradigm with phonetic deviants and rare emotional speech sounds (happy, sad, angry), and a simple one-deviant oddball paradigm with pure tones were used. Results Positive mismatch responses (MMR) were found to the emotional sounds and some of the phonetic deviants in preterm and full-term infants in the multi-feature MMN paradigm. Additionally, late positive MMRs to the phonetic deviants were elicited in the preterm group. However, no group differences to speech-sound changes were discovered. In the oddball paradigm, preterm infants had positive MMRs to the deviant change in all latency windows. Responses to non-speech sounds were larger in preterm infants in the second latency window, as well as in the first latency window at the left hemisphere electrodes (F3, C3). Conclusions No significant group-level differences were discovered in the neural processing of speech sounds between preterm and full-term infants at term age. Change-detection of non-speech sounds, however, may be enhanced in preterm infants at term age. Significance Auditory processing of speech sounds in healthy preterm infants showed similarities to full-term infants at term age. Large individual variations within the groups may reflect some underlying differences that call for further studies.

KW - Auditory change-detection

KW - Emotion processing

KW - Event-related potential (ERP)

KW - Mismatch negativity (MMN)

KW - Mismatch response (MMR)

KW - Preterm infant

KW - 3112 Neurosciences

KW - 515 Psychology

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.10.009

DO - 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.10.009

M3 - Article

JO - International Journal of Psychophysiology

JF - International Journal of Psychophysiology

SN - 0167-8760

ER -