Nonessential Genes of Phage φYeO3-12 Include Genes Involved in Adaptation to Growth on Yersinia enterocolitica Serotype O:3

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Bacteriophage φYeO3-12 is a T7/T3-related lytic phage that naturally infects Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3 strains by using the lipopolysaccharide O polysaccharide (O antigen) as its receptor. The phage genome is a 39,600-bp-long linear, double-stranded DNA molecule that contains 58 genes. The roles of many of the genes are currently unknown. To identify nonessential genes, the isolated phage DNA was subjected to MuA transposase-catalyzed in vitro transposon insertion mutagenesis with a lacZ′ gene-containing reporter transposon. Following electroporation into Escherichia coli DH10B and subsequent infection of E. coli JM109/pAY100, a strain that expresses the Y. enterocolitica O:3 O antigen on its surface, mutant phage clones were identified by their β-galactosidase activity, manifested as a blue color on indicator plates. Transposon insertions were mapped in a total of 11 genes located in the early and middle regions of the phage genome. All of the mutants had efficiencies of plating (EOPs) and fitnesses identical to those of the wild-type phage when grown on E. coli JM109/pAY100. However, certain mutants exhibited altered phenotypes when grown on Y. enterocolitica O:3. Transposon insertions in genes 0.3 to 0.7 decreased the EOP on Y. enterocolitica O:3, while the corresponding deletions did not, suggesting that the low EOP was not caused by inactivation of the genes per se. Instead, it was shown that in these mutants the low EOP was due to the delayed expression of gene 1, coding for RNA polymerase. On the other hand, inactivation of gene 1.3 or 3.5 by either transposon insertion or deletion decreased phage fitness when grown on Y. enterocolitica. These results indicate that φYeO3-12 has adapted to utilize Y. enterocolitica as its host and that these adaptations include the products of genes 1.3 and 3.5, DNA ligase and lysozyme, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Bacteriology
Volume187
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1405-1414
Number of pages10
ISSN0021-9193
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology

Cite this

@article{d75a97fcf37d4f7db250ac82ddf6a682,
title = "Nonessential Genes of Phage φYeO3-12 Include Genes Involved in Adaptation to Growth on Yersinia enterocolitica Serotype O:3",
abstract = "Bacteriophage φYeO3-12 is a T7/T3-related lytic phage that naturally infects Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3 strains by using the lipopolysaccharide O polysaccharide (O antigen) as its receptor. The phage genome is a 39,600-bp-long linear, double-stranded DNA molecule that contains 58 genes. The roles of many of the genes are currently unknown. To identify nonessential genes, the isolated phage DNA was subjected to MuA transposase-catalyzed in vitro transposon insertion mutagenesis with a lacZ′ gene-containing reporter transposon. Following electroporation into Escherichia coli DH10B and subsequent infection of E. coli JM109/pAY100, a strain that expresses the Y. enterocolitica O:3 O antigen on its surface, mutant phage clones were identified by their β-galactosidase activity, manifested as a blue color on indicator plates. Transposon insertions were mapped in a total of 11 genes located in the early and middle regions of the phage genome. All of the mutants had efficiencies of plating (EOPs) and fitnesses identical to those of the wild-type phage when grown on E. coli JM109/pAY100. However, certain mutants exhibited altered phenotypes when grown on Y. enterocolitica O:3. Transposon insertions in genes 0.3 to 0.7 decreased the EOP on Y. enterocolitica O:3, while the corresponding deletions did not, suggesting that the low EOP was not caused by inactivation of the genes per se. Instead, it was shown that in these mutants the low EOP was due to the delayed expression of gene 1, coding for RNA polymerase. On the other hand, inactivation of gene 1.3 or 3.5 by either transposon insertion or deletion decreased phage fitness when grown on Y. enterocolitica. These results indicate that φYeO3-12 has adapted to utilize Y. enterocolitica as its host and that these adaptations include the products of genes 1.3 and 3.5, DNA ligase and lysozyme, respectively.",
keywords = "1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology",
author = "Saija Kiljunen and Heikki Vilen and Maria Pajunen and Harri Savilahti and Mikael Skurnik",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1128/JB.187.4.1405-1414.2005",
language = "English",
volume = "187",
pages = "1405--1414",
journal = "Journal of Bacteriology",
issn = "0021-9193",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "4",

}

Nonessential Genes of Phage φYeO3-12 Include Genes Involved in Adaptation to Growth on Yersinia enterocolitica Serotype O:3. / Kiljunen, Saija; Vilen, Heikki; Pajunen, Maria; Savilahti, Harri; Skurnik, Mikael.

In: Journal of Bacteriology, Vol. 187, No. 4, 2005, p. 1405-1414.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Nonessential Genes of Phage φYeO3-12 Include Genes Involved in Adaptation to Growth on Yersinia enterocolitica Serotype O:3

AU - Kiljunen, Saija

AU - Vilen, Heikki

AU - Pajunen, Maria

AU - Savilahti, Harri

AU - Skurnik, Mikael

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Bacteriophage φYeO3-12 is a T7/T3-related lytic phage that naturally infects Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3 strains by using the lipopolysaccharide O polysaccharide (O antigen) as its receptor. The phage genome is a 39,600-bp-long linear, double-stranded DNA molecule that contains 58 genes. The roles of many of the genes are currently unknown. To identify nonessential genes, the isolated phage DNA was subjected to MuA transposase-catalyzed in vitro transposon insertion mutagenesis with a lacZ′ gene-containing reporter transposon. Following electroporation into Escherichia coli DH10B and subsequent infection of E. coli JM109/pAY100, a strain that expresses the Y. enterocolitica O:3 O antigen on its surface, mutant phage clones were identified by their β-galactosidase activity, manifested as a blue color on indicator plates. Transposon insertions were mapped in a total of 11 genes located in the early and middle regions of the phage genome. All of the mutants had efficiencies of plating (EOPs) and fitnesses identical to those of the wild-type phage when grown on E. coli JM109/pAY100. However, certain mutants exhibited altered phenotypes when grown on Y. enterocolitica O:3. Transposon insertions in genes 0.3 to 0.7 decreased the EOP on Y. enterocolitica O:3, while the corresponding deletions did not, suggesting that the low EOP was not caused by inactivation of the genes per se. Instead, it was shown that in these mutants the low EOP was due to the delayed expression of gene 1, coding for RNA polymerase. On the other hand, inactivation of gene 1.3 or 3.5 by either transposon insertion or deletion decreased phage fitness when grown on Y. enterocolitica. These results indicate that φYeO3-12 has adapted to utilize Y. enterocolitica as its host and that these adaptations include the products of genes 1.3 and 3.5, DNA ligase and lysozyme, respectively.

AB - Bacteriophage φYeO3-12 is a T7/T3-related lytic phage that naturally infects Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3 strains by using the lipopolysaccharide O polysaccharide (O antigen) as its receptor. The phage genome is a 39,600-bp-long linear, double-stranded DNA molecule that contains 58 genes. The roles of many of the genes are currently unknown. To identify nonessential genes, the isolated phage DNA was subjected to MuA transposase-catalyzed in vitro transposon insertion mutagenesis with a lacZ′ gene-containing reporter transposon. Following electroporation into Escherichia coli DH10B and subsequent infection of E. coli JM109/pAY100, a strain that expresses the Y. enterocolitica O:3 O antigen on its surface, mutant phage clones were identified by their β-galactosidase activity, manifested as a blue color on indicator plates. Transposon insertions were mapped in a total of 11 genes located in the early and middle regions of the phage genome. All of the mutants had efficiencies of plating (EOPs) and fitnesses identical to those of the wild-type phage when grown on E. coli JM109/pAY100. However, certain mutants exhibited altered phenotypes when grown on Y. enterocolitica O:3. Transposon insertions in genes 0.3 to 0.7 decreased the EOP on Y. enterocolitica O:3, while the corresponding deletions did not, suggesting that the low EOP was not caused by inactivation of the genes per se. Instead, it was shown that in these mutants the low EOP was due to the delayed expression of gene 1, coding for RNA polymerase. On the other hand, inactivation of gene 1.3 or 3.5 by either transposon insertion or deletion decreased phage fitness when grown on Y. enterocolitica. These results indicate that φYeO3-12 has adapted to utilize Y. enterocolitica as its host and that these adaptations include the products of genes 1.3 and 3.5, DNA ligase and lysozyme, respectively.

KW - 1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology

U2 - 10.1128/JB.187.4.1405-1414.2005

DO - 10.1128/JB.187.4.1405-1414.2005

M3 - Article

VL - 187

SP - 1405

EP - 1414

JO - Journal of Bacteriology

JF - Journal of Bacteriology

SN - 0021-9193

IS - 4

ER -