Observation of Single Top Quark Production in Association with a Z Boson in Proton-Proton Collisions at root s=13 TeV

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Abstract

The observation of single top quark production in association with a Z boson and a quark (tZq) is reported. Events from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV containing three charged leptons (either electrons or muons) and at least two jets are analyzed. The data were collected with the CMS detector in 2016 and 2017 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 77.4fb(-1). The increased integrated luminosity, a multivariate lepton identification, and a redesigned analysis strategy improve significantly the sensitivity of the analysis compared to previous searches for tZq production. The tZq signal is observed with a significance well over 5 standard deviations. The measured tZq production cross section is sigma(pp -> tZq -> tl(+) l(-) q) = 111 +/- 13 (stat)(-9)(+11) (syst) fb, for dilepton invariant masses above 30 GeV, in agreement with the standard model expectation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number132003
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume122
Issue number13
Number of pages19
ISSN0031-9007
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Apr 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 114 Physical sciences

Cite this

@article{62e33496ab9d460c84ee6974d9849f1d,
title = "Observation of Single Top Quark Production in Association with a Z Boson in Proton-Proton Collisions at root s=13 TeV",
abstract = "The observation of single top quark production in association with a Z boson and a quark (tZq) is reported. Events from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV containing three charged leptons (either electrons or muons) and at least two jets are analyzed. The data were collected with the CMS detector in 2016 and 2017 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 77.4fb(-1). The increased integrated luminosity, a multivariate lepton identification, and a redesigned analysis strategy improve significantly the sensitivity of the analysis compared to previous searches for tZq production. The tZq signal is observed with a significance well over 5 standard deviations. The measured tZq production cross section is sigma(pp -> tZq -> tl(+) l(-) q) = 111 +/- 13 (stat)(-9)(+11) (syst) fb, for dilepton invariant masses above 30 GeV, in agreement with the standard model expectation.",
keywords = "114 Physical sciences",
author = "{The CMS Collaboration} and Sirunyan, {A. M.} and P. Eerola and H. Kirschenmann and J. Pekkanen and M. Voutilainen and J. Havukainen and Heikkil{\"a}, {J. K.} and T. J{\"a}rvinen and V. Karim{\"a}ki and R. Kinnunen and T. Lamp{\'e}n and K. Lassila-Perini and S. Laurila and S. Lehti and T. Lind{\'e}n and P. Luukka and T. M{\"a}enp{\"a}{\"a} and H. Siikonen and E. Tuominen and J. Tuominiemi and T. Tuuva",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.132003",
language = "English",
volume = "122",
journal = "Physical Review Letters",
issn = "0031-9007",
publisher = "American Physical Society",
number = "13",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Observation of Single Top Quark Production in Association with a Z Boson in Proton-Proton Collisions at root s=13 TeV

AU - The CMS Collaboration

AU - Sirunyan, A. M.

AU - Eerola, P.

AU - Kirschenmann, H.

AU - Pekkanen, J.

AU - Voutilainen, M.

AU - Havukainen, J.

AU - Heikkilä, J. K.

AU - Järvinen, T.

AU - Karimäki, V.

AU - Kinnunen, R.

AU - Lampén, T.

AU - Lassila-Perini, K.

AU - Laurila, S.

AU - Lehti, S.

AU - Lindén, T.

AU - Luukka, P.

AU - Mäenpää, T.

AU - Siikonen, H.

AU - Tuominen, E.

AU - Tuominiemi, J.

AU - Tuuva, T.

PY - 2019/4/5

Y1 - 2019/4/5

N2 - The observation of single top quark production in association with a Z boson and a quark (tZq) is reported. Events from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV containing three charged leptons (either electrons or muons) and at least two jets are analyzed. The data were collected with the CMS detector in 2016 and 2017 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 77.4fb(-1). The increased integrated luminosity, a multivariate lepton identification, and a redesigned analysis strategy improve significantly the sensitivity of the analysis compared to previous searches for tZq production. The tZq signal is observed with a significance well over 5 standard deviations. The measured tZq production cross section is sigma(pp -> tZq -> tl(+) l(-) q) = 111 +/- 13 (stat)(-9)(+11) (syst) fb, for dilepton invariant masses above 30 GeV, in agreement with the standard model expectation.

AB - The observation of single top quark production in association with a Z boson and a quark (tZq) is reported. Events from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV containing three charged leptons (either electrons or muons) and at least two jets are analyzed. The data were collected with the CMS detector in 2016 and 2017 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 77.4fb(-1). The increased integrated luminosity, a multivariate lepton identification, and a redesigned analysis strategy improve significantly the sensitivity of the analysis compared to previous searches for tZq production. The tZq signal is observed with a significance well over 5 standard deviations. The measured tZq production cross section is sigma(pp -> tZq -> tl(+) l(-) q) = 111 +/- 13 (stat)(-9)(+11) (syst) fb, for dilepton invariant masses above 30 GeV, in agreement with the standard model expectation.

KW - 114 Physical sciences

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.132003

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevLett.122.132003

M3 - Article

VL - 122

JO - Physical Review Letters

JF - Physical Review Letters

SN - 0031-9007

IS - 13

M1 - 132003

ER -