Olaus Sirman runojen vertailevaa luentaa: runojen poetiikka ja rakenne ympäröivien kulttuurien tekstien näkökulmasta

Translated title of the contribution: Olaus Sirmas poems: Comparative analysis of the poetics and structure

Kati Kallio, Taarna Valtonen, Marko Jouste

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In 1673, the university professor and assessor of the Swedish Antikvitetskollegium Johannes Schefferus published a Latin book Lapponia, which includes two poems given by Olaus Sirma, a Saami born in Sodankylä, student at the University of Uppsala, and later a clergyman in Enontekiö. The character of the poems by Sirma has been disputed: were these poems individual artistic creations or examples of an indigenous folklore genre of this later assimilated Saami group? Was Sirma documenting his own oral tradition, using and modifying it for literary purposes or creating something new?

Combining perspectives from linguistics, folklore studies, and ethnomusicology, the article compares the results of poetic analyse with 17th century learned poetics and with later oral poetics in nearby cultures (Saami, Finnish, Swedish, Russian). Two poems seem to represent two different song genres or styles. The first one, based on rhymed couplets, may be affected by the will to show this poetic scheme, popular in both oral and literary poetry of the time, applies also to Saami poetry, but the poems does not exhibit most essential characteristics and ideals of 17th century literary poetry. The structural logic of the second song, based on versatile verse structure (ABC), is closer e.g. to later Skolt Sami leuʹdd-songs than any literary patterns.
Translated title of the contributionOlaus Sirmas poems: Comparative analysis of the poetics and structure
Original languageFinnish
JournalJournal de la Société Finno-Ougrienne
Volume97
Pages (from-to)109–152
Number of pages43
ISSN0355-0214
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 6122 Literature studies

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