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In this paper, we investigate paraphrase generation in the colloquial domain. We use state-of-the-art neural machine translation models trained on the Opusparcus corpus to generate paraphrases in six languages: German, English, Finnish, French, Russian, and Swedish. We perform experiments to understand how data selection and filtering for diverse paraphrase pairs affects the generated paraphrases. We compare two different model architectures, an RNN and a Transformer model, and find that the Transformer does not generally outperform the RNN. We also conduct human evaluation on five of the six languages and compare the results to the automatic evaluation metrics BLEU and the recently proposed BERTScore. The results advance our understanding of the trade-offs between the quality and novelty of generated paraphrases, affected by the data selection method. In addition, our comparison of the evaluation methods shows that while BLEU correlates well with human judgments at the corpus level, BERTScore outperforms BLEU in both corpus and sentence-level evaluation.
|Title of host publication||Proceedings of The 12th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference|
|Number of pages||9|
|Place of Publication||Marseille, France|
|Publisher||European Language Resources Association (ELRA)|
|Publication date||1 May 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2020|
|MoE publication type||A4 Article in conference proceedings|
Sjöblom, E., Creutz, M., & Scherrer, Y. (2020). Paraphrase Generation and Evaluation on Colloquial-Style Sentences. In Proceedings of The 12th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (pp. 1814-1822). Marseille, France: European Language Resources Association (ELRA).