Peer Sociometric Status and Personality Development from Middle Childhood to Preadolescence

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Sociometric status, the regard that other group members confer to an individual, is one of the most ubiq-uitous and behaviourally relevant attributes assigned to the person by the social environment. Despite this, its contri-bution to personality development has received little attention. The present three-wave longitudinal study, spanningthe age range 7–13 years (n = 1222), sought tofill this gap by examining the transactional pathways between peersociometric status (measured by peer nominations) and Five-Factor personality traits (measured by self-ratingsand parent and teacher ratings). Sociometric status prospectively predicted the development of extraversion. By con-trast, agreeableness and neuroticism prospectively predicted the development of sociometric status. Furthermore,individual-level stability in extraversion was associated with individual-level stability in sociometric status. The re-sults were robust across different sources of personality ratings. We argue that peer sociometric status in the schoolclassroom is the type of environmental effect that has potential to explain personality development. Because of its sta-bility, broadness, and possible impact across a variety of personality processes, sociometric status can both repeti-tiously and simultaneously influence the network of multiple inter-correlated micro-level personality processes,potentially leading to a new network equilibrium that manifests in changes at the level of the broad personality trait.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Personality
Volume33
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)606-626
Number of pages21
ISSN0890-2070
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • development of personality
  • peer environment
  • sociometric status
  • parallel continuities
  • extraversion
  • SOCIAL-STATUS
  • RELATIONSHIP SATISFACTION
  • ADOLESCENT PERSONALITY
  • SELF-RATINGS
  • EXTROVERSION
  • SIMILARITY
  • TRAITS
  • TRANSACTIONS
  • POPULARITY
  • AGREEABLENESS
  • 515 Psychology

Cite this

@article{8a5268cabec94bdfa82210a25b0329ee,
title = "Peer Sociometric Status and Personality Development from Middle Childhood to Preadolescence",
abstract = "Sociometric status, the regard that other group members confer to an individual, is one of the most ubiq-uitous and behaviourally relevant attributes assigned to the person by the social environment. Despite this, its contri-bution to personality development has received little attention. The present three-wave longitudinal study, spanningthe age range 7–13 years (n = 1222), sought tofill this gap by examining the transactional pathways between peersociometric status (measured by peer nominations) and Five-Factor personality traits (measured by self-ratingsand parent and teacher ratings). Sociometric status prospectively predicted the development of extraversion. By con-trast, agreeableness and neuroticism prospectively predicted the development of sociometric status. Furthermore,individual-level stability in extraversion was associated with individual-level stability in sociometric status. The re-sults were robust across different sources of personality ratings. We argue that peer sociometric status in the schoolclassroom is the type of environmental effect that has potential to explain personality development. Because of its sta-bility, broadness, and possible impact across a variety of personality processes, sociometric status can both repeti-tiously and simultaneously influence the network of multiple inter-correlated micro-level personality processes,potentially leading to a new network equilibrium that manifests in changes at the level of the broad personality trait.",
keywords = "development of personality, peer environment, sociometric status, parallel continuities, extraversion, SOCIAL-STATUS, RELATIONSHIP SATISFACTION, ADOLESCENT PERSONALITY, SELF-RATINGS, EXTROVERSION, SIMILARITY, TRAITS, TRANSACTIONS, POPULARITY, AGREEABLENESS, 515 Psychology",
author = "Ville-Juhani Ilmarinen and Mari-Pauliina Vainikainen and Markku Verkasalo and Jan-Erik Lonnqvist",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1002/per.2219",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
pages = "606--626",
journal = "European Journal of Personality",
issn = "0890-2070",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Peer Sociometric Status and Personality Development from Middle Childhood to Preadolescence

AU - Ilmarinen, Ville-Juhani

AU - Vainikainen, Mari-Pauliina

AU - Verkasalo, Markku

AU - Lonnqvist, Jan-Erik

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Sociometric status, the regard that other group members confer to an individual, is one of the most ubiq-uitous and behaviourally relevant attributes assigned to the person by the social environment. Despite this, its contri-bution to personality development has received little attention. The present three-wave longitudinal study, spanningthe age range 7–13 years (n = 1222), sought tofill this gap by examining the transactional pathways between peersociometric status (measured by peer nominations) and Five-Factor personality traits (measured by self-ratingsand parent and teacher ratings). Sociometric status prospectively predicted the development of extraversion. By con-trast, agreeableness and neuroticism prospectively predicted the development of sociometric status. Furthermore,individual-level stability in extraversion was associated with individual-level stability in sociometric status. The re-sults were robust across different sources of personality ratings. We argue that peer sociometric status in the schoolclassroom is the type of environmental effect that has potential to explain personality development. Because of its sta-bility, broadness, and possible impact across a variety of personality processes, sociometric status can both repeti-tiously and simultaneously influence the network of multiple inter-correlated micro-level personality processes,potentially leading to a new network equilibrium that manifests in changes at the level of the broad personality trait.

AB - Sociometric status, the regard that other group members confer to an individual, is one of the most ubiq-uitous and behaviourally relevant attributes assigned to the person by the social environment. Despite this, its contri-bution to personality development has received little attention. The present three-wave longitudinal study, spanningthe age range 7–13 years (n = 1222), sought tofill this gap by examining the transactional pathways between peersociometric status (measured by peer nominations) and Five-Factor personality traits (measured by self-ratingsand parent and teacher ratings). Sociometric status prospectively predicted the development of extraversion. By con-trast, agreeableness and neuroticism prospectively predicted the development of sociometric status. Furthermore,individual-level stability in extraversion was associated with individual-level stability in sociometric status. The re-sults were robust across different sources of personality ratings. We argue that peer sociometric status in the schoolclassroom is the type of environmental effect that has potential to explain personality development. Because of its sta-bility, broadness, and possible impact across a variety of personality processes, sociometric status can both repeti-tiously and simultaneously influence the network of multiple inter-correlated micro-level personality processes,potentially leading to a new network equilibrium that manifests in changes at the level of the broad personality trait.

KW - development of personality

KW - peer environment

KW - sociometric status

KW - parallel continuities

KW - extraversion

KW - SOCIAL-STATUS

KW - RELATIONSHIP SATISFACTION

KW - ADOLESCENT PERSONALITY

KW - SELF-RATINGS

KW - EXTROVERSION

KW - SIMILARITY

KW - TRAITS

KW - TRANSACTIONS

KW - POPULARITY

KW - AGREEABLENESS

KW - 515 Psychology

U2 - 10.1002/per.2219

DO - 10.1002/per.2219

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 606

EP - 626

JO - European Journal of Personality

JF - European Journal of Personality

SN - 0890-2070

IS - 5

ER -