Phoneme processing skills are reflected in children's MMN responses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Phonological awareness (PA), the core contributor in phoneme processing abilities, has a link to later reading skills in children. However, the associations between PA and neural auditory discrimination are not clear. We used event-related potential (ERP) methodology and neuropsychological testing to monitor the neurocognitive basis of phonological awareness in typically developing children. We measured 5–6-year-old children's (N=70) phoneme processing, word completion and perceptual reasoning skills and compared their test results to their brain responses to phonemic changes, separately for each test. We found that children performing better in Phoneme processing test showed larger mismatch negativity (MMN) responses than children scoring lower in the same test. In contrast, no correspondence between test scores and brain responses was found for Auditory closure. Thus, the results suggest that automatic auditory change detection is linked to phoneme awareness in preschool children.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume101
Pages (from-to)76–84
Number of pages9
ISSN0028-3932
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 515 Psychology
  • 516 Educational sciences

Cite this

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title = "Phoneme processing skills are reflected in children's MMN responses",
abstract = "Phonological awareness (PA), the core contributor in phoneme processing abilities, has a link to later reading skills in children. However, the associations between PA and neural auditory discrimination are not clear. We used event-related potential (ERP) methodology and neuropsychological testing to monitor the neurocognitive basis of phonological awareness in typically developing children. We measured 5–6-year-old children's (N=70) phoneme processing, word completion and perceptual reasoning skills and compared their test results to their brain responses to phonemic changes, separately for each test. We found that children performing better in Phoneme processing test showed larger mismatch negativity (MMN) responses than children scoring lower in the same test. In contrast, no correspondence between test scores and brain responses was found for Auditory closure. Thus, the results suggest that automatic auditory change detection is linked to phoneme awareness in preschool children.",
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author = "Tanja Linnavalli and Vesa Putkinen and Minna Huotilainen and Mari Tervaniemi",
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language = "English",
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journal = "Neuropsychologia",
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publisher = "Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co",

}

Phoneme processing skills are reflected in children's MMN responses. / Linnavalli, Tanja; Putkinen, Vesa; Huotilainen, Minna; Tervaniemi, Mari .

In: Neuropsychologia, Vol. 101, 12.05.2017, p. 76–84.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Phoneme processing skills are reflected in children's MMN responses

AU - Linnavalli, Tanja

AU - Putkinen, Vesa

AU - Huotilainen, Minna

AU - Tervaniemi, Mari

PY - 2017/5/12

Y1 - 2017/5/12

N2 - Phonological awareness (PA), the core contributor in phoneme processing abilities, has a link to later reading skills in children. However, the associations between PA and neural auditory discrimination are not clear. We used event-related potential (ERP) methodology and neuropsychological testing to monitor the neurocognitive basis of phonological awareness in typically developing children. We measured 5–6-year-old children's (N=70) phoneme processing, word completion and perceptual reasoning skills and compared their test results to their brain responses to phonemic changes, separately for each test. We found that children performing better in Phoneme processing test showed larger mismatch negativity (MMN) responses than children scoring lower in the same test. In contrast, no correspondence between test scores and brain responses was found for Auditory closure. Thus, the results suggest that automatic auditory change detection is linked to phoneme awareness in preschool children.

AB - Phonological awareness (PA), the core contributor in phoneme processing abilities, has a link to later reading skills in children. However, the associations between PA and neural auditory discrimination are not clear. We used event-related potential (ERP) methodology and neuropsychological testing to monitor the neurocognitive basis of phonological awareness in typically developing children. We measured 5–6-year-old children's (N=70) phoneme processing, word completion and perceptual reasoning skills and compared their test results to their brain responses to phonemic changes, separately for each test. We found that children performing better in Phoneme processing test showed larger mismatch negativity (MMN) responses than children scoring lower in the same test. In contrast, no correspondence between test scores and brain responses was found for Auditory closure. Thus, the results suggest that automatic auditory change detection is linked to phoneme awareness in preschool children.

KW - 515 Psychology

KW - 516 Educational sciences

U2 - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.05.013

DO - 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.05.013

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