Physical properties of extrudates with fibrous structures made of faba bean protein ingredients using high moisture extrusion

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Abstract

Faba bean is a potential ingredient due to its high protein yield and its possible cultivation in colder climate regions. In this study, meat analogues made from faba bean protein isolate (FPI) and concentrate (FPC) blends were produced using high moisture extrusion. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the FPI content (FPIc), feed water content (FWC), and temperature of the long cooling die (LT) during extrusion on the mechanical and physicochemical properties as well as on the structure of the meat analogues. Increased FPIc resulted in higher values in hardness, gumminess, chewiness, and cutting strengths as well as in darker colour and decreased water absorption capacity. The effect of increased FWC on these properties was weaker and the opposite. Images from microtomography revealed that higher FPIc led to a less organised fibrous structure. In conclusion, fibrous structures can be achieved by utilising a mixture of faba bean protein ingredients, and a higher FPC content seemed to promote fibre formation in the meat analogue.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1280
JournalFoods
Volume11
Issue number9
Number of pages17
ISSN2304-8158
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 416 Food Science
  • faba bean protein isolate
  • faba bean protein concentrate
  • high moisture extrusion
  • fibrous protein structure
  • meat analogue
  • SOY PROTEIN
  • FRACTIONATION
  • FUNCTIONALITY
  • TEXTURE
  • LEGUMES
  • FLOURS

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