Plant biotechnology for deeper understanding, wider use and further development of agricultural and horticultural crops

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Plants bind solar energy to organic matter via photosynthesis and assimilation of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and comprise the major source of nutrition and bioenergy. Plant biotechnology contributes to solution of important constraints in food and feed production and creates new technologies and applications for the sustainable use of plant resources. Genome-wide approaches such as massive parallel sequencing and microarrays to study gene expression, molecular markers for selection of important traits in breeding, characterization of genetic diversity with the aforementioned approaches, and somatic hybridization and genetic trans form at ion are important tools in plant biotechnology. In this paper, studies carried out on enhanced resistance to viruses and tolerance of cold stress in potato, genetic modification of flower pigmentation and morphology in gerbera, production of edible vaccines in transgenic barley seeds, and expression of heterologous proteins for pharmaceutical purposes from vector viruses were chosen to exemplify the general utility of biotechnological approaches and also how plant biotechnology research has developed on cultivated plants at University of Helsinki. The studies reveal cellular and genetic mechanisms and provide scientific information that can be used for widening the uses of crop plants. They can also be used to detect any putative risks associated with the use of the biotechnological application in agriculture and horticulture and to develop practises which reduce any inadvertent negative consequences that plant production may have to the environment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAgricultural and Food Science
Volume17
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)307-324
Number of pages18
ISSN1459-6067
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Fields of Science

  • 414 Agricultural biotechnology
  • 411 Agriculture and forestry

Cite this

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title = "Plant biotechnology for deeper understanding, wider use and further development of agricultural and horticultural crops",
abstract = "Plants bind solar energy to organic matter via photosynthesis and assimilation of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and comprise the major source of nutrition and bioenergy. Plant biotechnology contributes to solution of important constraints in food and feed production and creates new technologies and applications for the sustainable use of plant resources. Genome-wide approaches such as massive parallel sequencing and microarrays to study gene expression, molecular markers for selection of important traits in breeding, characterization of genetic diversity with the aforementioned approaches, and somatic hybridization and genetic trans form at ion are important tools in plant biotechnology. In this paper, studies carried out on enhanced resistance to viruses and tolerance of cold stress in potato, genetic modification of flower pigmentation and morphology in gerbera, production of edible vaccines in transgenic barley seeds, and expression of heterologous proteins for pharmaceutical purposes from vector viruses were chosen to exemplify the general utility of biotechnological approaches and also how plant biotechnology research has developed on cultivated plants at University of Helsinki. The studies reveal cellular and genetic mechanisms and provide scientific information that can be used for widening the uses of crop plants. They can also be used to detect any putative risks associated with the use of the biotechnological application in agriculture and horticulture and to develop practises which reduce any inadvertent negative consequences that plant production may have to the environment.",
keywords = "414 Agricultural biotechnology, 411 Agriculture and forestry",
author = "Paula Elomaa and Joensuu, {Jussi J} and Helena Korpelainen and Kristiina M{\"a}kinen and Viola Niklander-Teeri and Minna Pirhonen and Jussi Joensuu and Mervi Sepp{\"a}nen and Teemu Teeri and Jari Valkonen",
year = "2008",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "307--324",
journal = "Agricultural and Food Science",
issn = "1459-6067",
publisher = "Scientific Agricultural Society of Finland",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Plant biotechnology for deeper understanding, wider use and further development of agricultural and horticultural crops

AU - Elomaa, Paula

AU - Joensuu, Jussi J

AU - Korpelainen, Helena

AU - Mäkinen, Kristiina

AU - Niklander-Teeri, Viola

AU - Pirhonen, Minna

AU - Joensuu, Jussi

AU - Seppänen, Mervi

AU - Teeri, Teemu

AU - Valkonen, Jari

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Plants bind solar energy to organic matter via photosynthesis and assimilation of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and comprise the major source of nutrition and bioenergy. Plant biotechnology contributes to solution of important constraints in food and feed production and creates new technologies and applications for the sustainable use of plant resources. Genome-wide approaches such as massive parallel sequencing and microarrays to study gene expression, molecular markers for selection of important traits in breeding, characterization of genetic diversity with the aforementioned approaches, and somatic hybridization and genetic trans form at ion are important tools in plant biotechnology. In this paper, studies carried out on enhanced resistance to viruses and tolerance of cold stress in potato, genetic modification of flower pigmentation and morphology in gerbera, production of edible vaccines in transgenic barley seeds, and expression of heterologous proteins for pharmaceutical purposes from vector viruses were chosen to exemplify the general utility of biotechnological approaches and also how plant biotechnology research has developed on cultivated plants at University of Helsinki. The studies reveal cellular and genetic mechanisms and provide scientific information that can be used for widening the uses of crop plants. They can also be used to detect any putative risks associated with the use of the biotechnological application in agriculture and horticulture and to develop practises which reduce any inadvertent negative consequences that plant production may have to the environment.

AB - Plants bind solar energy to organic matter via photosynthesis and assimilation of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and comprise the major source of nutrition and bioenergy. Plant biotechnology contributes to solution of important constraints in food and feed production and creates new technologies and applications for the sustainable use of plant resources. Genome-wide approaches such as massive parallel sequencing and microarrays to study gene expression, molecular markers for selection of important traits in breeding, characterization of genetic diversity with the aforementioned approaches, and somatic hybridization and genetic trans form at ion are important tools in plant biotechnology. In this paper, studies carried out on enhanced resistance to viruses and tolerance of cold stress in potato, genetic modification of flower pigmentation and morphology in gerbera, production of edible vaccines in transgenic barley seeds, and expression of heterologous proteins for pharmaceutical purposes from vector viruses were chosen to exemplify the general utility of biotechnological approaches and also how plant biotechnology research has developed on cultivated plants at University of Helsinki. The studies reveal cellular and genetic mechanisms and provide scientific information that can be used for widening the uses of crop plants. They can also be used to detect any putative risks associated with the use of the biotechnological application in agriculture and horticulture and to develop practises which reduce any inadvertent negative consequences that plant production may have to the environment.

KW - 414 Agricultural biotechnology

KW - 411 Agriculture and forestry

M3 - Review Article

VL - 17

SP - 307

EP - 324

JO - Agricultural and Food Science

JF - Agricultural and Food Science

SN - 1459-6067

IS - 3

ER -