Pre-Roman Iron Age settlement continuity and cereal cultivation in coastal Finland as shown by multiproxy evidence at Bäljars 2 site in SW Finland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Pre-Roman Iron Age (ca. 500–1 BC) occupation was revealed at the site of Bäljars 2 in SW Finland. Archaeobotany, charcoal analysis, and geochemistry were applied to the samples gathered at the site. The results suggest habitation, storage, agriculture, fire-keeping, and plant gathering at the site during the Pre-Roman Iron Age. By that time, the Lepinjärvi basin was surrounded by rich local flora and served as an excellent node of communication with both overseas regions and the interior of Finland. Eight new sites were discovered around the lake, thus disproving the previously suggested hiatus of habitation around the lake. The light soils were suitable for early cultivation methods. The results point towards cultivation of ard-ploughed, fire-managed, and manured fields, where summer-annual barley, speltoid wheats, and possibly oat were grown. Other contemporary sites in Finland reveal that barley was the most important cereal during the first millennium BC.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Volume2015
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)38-52
Number of pages15
ISSN2352-409X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 615 History and Archaeology

Cite this

@article{35db3e514ebf4e9db0c34336207e6f51,
title = "Pre-Roman Iron Age settlement continuity and cereal cultivation in coastal Finland as shown by multiproxy evidence at B{\"a}ljars 2 site in SW Finland",
abstract = "Pre-Roman Iron Age (ca. 500–1 BC) occupation was revealed at the site of B{\"a}ljars 2 in SW Finland. Archaeobotany, charcoal analysis, and geochemistry were applied to the samples gathered at the site. The results suggest habitation, storage, agriculture, fire-keeping, and plant gathering at the site during the Pre-Roman Iron Age. By that time, the Lepinj{\"a}rvi basin was surrounded by rich local flora and served as an excellent node of communication with both overseas regions and the interior of Finland. Eight new sites were discovered around the lake, thus disproving the previously suggested hiatus of habitation around the lake. The light soils were suitable for early cultivation methods. The results point towards cultivation of ard-ploughed, fire-managed, and manured fields, where summer-annual barley, speltoid wheats, and possibly oat were grown. Other contemporary sites in Finland reveal that barley was the most important cereal during the first millennium BC.",
keywords = "615 History and Archaeology",
author = "Santeri Vanhanen and Satu Koivisto",
year = "2015",
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doi = "10.1016/j.jasrep.2014.10.003",
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pages = "38--52",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports",
issn = "2352-409X",
publisher = "Elsevier Scientific Publ. Co",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Pre-Roman Iron Age settlement continuity and cereal cultivation in coastal Finland as shown by multiproxy evidence at Bäljars 2 site in SW Finland

AU - Vanhanen, Santeri

AU - Koivisto, Satu

PY - 2015/3

Y1 - 2015/3

N2 - Pre-Roman Iron Age (ca. 500–1 BC) occupation was revealed at the site of Bäljars 2 in SW Finland. Archaeobotany, charcoal analysis, and geochemistry were applied to the samples gathered at the site. The results suggest habitation, storage, agriculture, fire-keeping, and plant gathering at the site during the Pre-Roman Iron Age. By that time, the Lepinjärvi basin was surrounded by rich local flora and served as an excellent node of communication with both overseas regions and the interior of Finland. Eight new sites were discovered around the lake, thus disproving the previously suggested hiatus of habitation around the lake. The light soils were suitable for early cultivation methods. The results point towards cultivation of ard-ploughed, fire-managed, and manured fields, where summer-annual barley, speltoid wheats, and possibly oat were grown. Other contemporary sites in Finland reveal that barley was the most important cereal during the first millennium BC.

AB - Pre-Roman Iron Age (ca. 500–1 BC) occupation was revealed at the site of Bäljars 2 in SW Finland. Archaeobotany, charcoal analysis, and geochemistry were applied to the samples gathered at the site. The results suggest habitation, storage, agriculture, fire-keeping, and plant gathering at the site during the Pre-Roman Iron Age. By that time, the Lepinjärvi basin was surrounded by rich local flora and served as an excellent node of communication with both overseas regions and the interior of Finland. Eight new sites were discovered around the lake, thus disproving the previously suggested hiatus of habitation around the lake. The light soils were suitable for early cultivation methods. The results point towards cultivation of ard-ploughed, fire-managed, and manured fields, where summer-annual barley, speltoid wheats, and possibly oat were grown. Other contemporary sites in Finland reveal that barley was the most important cereal during the first millennium BC.

KW - 615 History and Archaeology

U2 - 10.1016/j.jasrep.2014.10.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jasrep.2014.10.003

M3 - Article

VL - 2015

SP - 38

EP - 52

JO - Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

JF - Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports

SN - 2352-409X

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ER -