Pregnancy and delivery outcomes in women with rectovaginal endometriosis treated either conservatively or operatively

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Objective: To study reproductive outcomes, and pregnancy and delivery complications after conservative or operative treatment of rectovaginal endometriosis during long-term follow-up.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: University hospital.

Patient(s): Women with rectovaginal endometriosis referred to hospital due to any indication from 2004 to 2013 (N = 543) who were treated initially either conservatively (group CONS, n = 183), or operatively (OPER, n = 360) either with resection of rectovaginal nodule (RVR, n = 192) or with concomitant bowel resection (BR, n = 132).

Intervention(s): Conservative or operative management.

Main Outcome Measure(s): Clinical pregnancy rate, live-birth rate, and assessment of the complications during pregnancy and delivery.

Results(s): Between women in the CONS group or OPER group, no differences were found in either clinical pregnancy rate (56%, n = 102 vs. 50%, n = 181) or live-birth rate (48%, n = 87 vs. 42%, n = 153). Of the pregnancies, 64% (n = 65) and 49% (n = 89), respectively, started after medically assisted reproduction. No differences emerge in the subanalysis of women

Conclusion(s): Women with rectovaginal endometriosis have comparable and good reproductive prognosis regardless of the treatment method. ((C) 2020 by American Society for Reproductive Medicine.)

Original languageEnglish
JournalFertility and Sterility : official journal of the American Fertility Society
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)406-415
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
  • Delivery complication
  • fertility
  • pregnancy complication
  • rectovaginal endometriosis

Cite this