Preliminary Normative Study of ImPACT® in Finnish Professional Male Ice Hockey Players

Matti V Vartiainen, Kati Peltonen, Anu Holm, Sanna Koskinen, Grant L. Iverson, Laura Hokkanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Assessment of cognition is an important part of concussion management. The common paradigm of baseline and postinjury evaluations is recommended but due to the often lacking baseline data, reliable normative values are needed. The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT®) battery is a widely used method of cognitive assessment offering several language options. There are few comparative studies between language groups on this test battery. ImPACT was administered at baseline to 184 Finnish male Professional Ice Hockey league players. The performance of the Finnish sample differed from previously published English and Czech language samples on the Visual Motor Speed and Reaction Time composites with medium effect-sizes (d = 0.38–0.52). Age, but not education or prior concussions, was associated with ImPACT performance. ImPACT performance is not uniform across language and culture groups and the findings highlight the need for language-specific norms. Finnish reference values for ImPACT for ages <20, 20–26, and >26 are presented. A similar approach is encouraged for other languages.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied neuropsychology-Adult
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)53-59
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 515 Psychology
  • Baseline
  • cognition
  • cultural differences
  • norms
  • sport concussion

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