Preoperative hemoglobin count and prognosis of esophageal cancer, a population-based nationwide study in Finland

on behalf of the FINEGO group, Ella M.K. Jokela, Joonas H. Kauppila, Olli Helminen, Mika Helmiö, Heikki Huhta, Raija Kallio, Vesa Koivukangas, Arto Kokkola, Simo Laine, Elina Lietzen, Sanna Meriläinen, Pasi Ohtonen, Vesa-Matti Pohjanen, Tuomo Rantanen, Ari Ristimäki, Jari V. Räsänen, Juha Saarnio, Vesa Toikkanen, Tuula TyrväinenAntti Valtola

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Background: The prognostic value of preoperative hemoglobin in patients undergoing esophagectomy is unknown. The aim of this study was to examine whether preoperative hemoglobin is associated with prognosis in patients undergoing esophagectomy for cancer. Materials and methods: This was a population-based nationwide retrospective cohort study in Finland, using Finnish National Esophago-Gastric Cancer Cohort (FINEGO). Esophagectomy patients with available preoperative hemoglobin measurement were included. Multivariable cox regression provided hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusted for calendar period of surgery, age at surgery, sex, comorbidity (Charlson Comorbidity Index), tumor histology, tumor stage, neoadjuvant therapy, type of surgery (minimally invasive or open) and annual hospital volume. Results: Of the 1313 patients, 932 (71.0%) were men and 799 (60.9%) had esophageal adenocarcinoma. Overall all-cause mortality was significantly higher in the lowest hemoglobin count tertile (HR 1.26 (1.07–1.47)) compared to the highest tertile, but this association was attenuated after adjustment for confounding. No differences were found between the preoperative hemoglobin groups in the adjusted analyses of 90-day all-cause, 5-year all-cause, and 5-year cancer-specific mortality. Conclusion: In this population-based nationwide study, preoperative hemoglobin count had no independent prognostic significance in esophageal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021

Fields of Science

  • Esophageal cancer
  • Esophagectomy
  • Hemoglobin
  • Mortality
  • Prognosis

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