Preschool children are more physically active and less sedentary on weekdays compared with weekends

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Physical activity (PA) is necessary for young children. The new recommendations for physical activity in early childhood in Finland suggest that daily activity consists of at least 3 hours of light-to-vigorous physical activity (LMVPA). In this article, we report preschool children’s compliance with the recommendations, PA amounts at different intensity levels, the variation between genders, and the effect of weekend on PA. The data were collected from 172 children, aged 3 to 7 years, using accelerometers during January–March 2015 for 7 days, 24 hours per day. Results revealed that compliance with the recommendations is low: 43% of the boys and 32% of the girls engaged in LMVPA for at least 3 hours per day. The variation was remarkable. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) averages ranged from 16 to 154 minutes in boys, and from 4 to 98 minutes in girls. The weekend decreased PA at all intensity levels and increased sedentary behavior by approximately 60 minutes in both genders. Interventions should focus on girls as a group, on boys with minimal amounts of MVPA, on reducing sedentary behavior, and on increasing weekend activity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Early Childhood Education Research
Volume7
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)100-126
Number of pages27
ISSN2323-7414
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 315 Sport and fitness sciences
  • ACCELEROMETER
  • early childhood
  • PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
  • RECOMMENDATIONS
  • 516 Educational sciences

Cite this

@article{1064e946aa0d4ac696228efef49521f4,
title = "Preschool children are more physically active and less sedentary on weekdays compared with weekends",
abstract = "Physical activity (PA) is necessary for young children. The new recommendations for physical activity in early childhood in Finland suggest that daily activity consists of at least 3 hours of light-to-vigorous physical activity (LMVPA). In this article, we report preschool children’s compliance with the recommendations, PA amounts at different intensity levels, the variation between genders, and the effect of weekend on PA. The data were collected from 172 children, aged 3 to 7 years, using accelerometers during January–March 2015 for 7 days, 24 hours per day. Results revealed that compliance with the recommendations is low: 43{\%} of the boys and 32{\%} of the girls engaged in LMVPA for at least 3 hours per day. The variation was remarkable. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) averages ranged from 16 to 154 minutes in boys, and from 4 to 98 minutes in girls. The weekend decreased PA at all intensity levels and increased sedentary behavior by approximately 60 minutes in both genders. Interventions should focus on girls as a group, on boys with minimal amounts of MVPA, on reducing sedentary behavior, and on increasing weekend activity.",
keywords = "315 Sport and fitness sciences, Accelerometer, early childhood, physical activity, recommendations, ACCELEROMETER, early childhood, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, RECOMMENDATIONS, 516 Educational sciences",
author = "Anna-Liisa Kyh{\"a}l{\"a} and Jyrki Reunamo and Heikki Ruism{\"a}ki",
year = "2018",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "100--126",
journal = "Journal of Early Childhood Education Research",
issn = "2323-7414",
publisher = "Suomen varhaiskasvatus",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preschool children are more physically active and less sedentary on weekdays compared with weekends

AU - Kyhälä, Anna-Liisa

AU - Reunamo, Jyrki

AU - Ruismäki, Heikki

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Physical activity (PA) is necessary for young children. The new recommendations for physical activity in early childhood in Finland suggest that daily activity consists of at least 3 hours of light-to-vigorous physical activity (LMVPA). In this article, we report preschool children’s compliance with the recommendations, PA amounts at different intensity levels, the variation between genders, and the effect of weekend on PA. The data were collected from 172 children, aged 3 to 7 years, using accelerometers during January–March 2015 for 7 days, 24 hours per day. Results revealed that compliance with the recommendations is low: 43% of the boys and 32% of the girls engaged in LMVPA for at least 3 hours per day. The variation was remarkable. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) averages ranged from 16 to 154 minutes in boys, and from 4 to 98 minutes in girls. The weekend decreased PA at all intensity levels and increased sedentary behavior by approximately 60 minutes in both genders. Interventions should focus on girls as a group, on boys with minimal amounts of MVPA, on reducing sedentary behavior, and on increasing weekend activity.

AB - Physical activity (PA) is necessary for young children. The new recommendations for physical activity in early childhood in Finland suggest that daily activity consists of at least 3 hours of light-to-vigorous physical activity (LMVPA). In this article, we report preschool children’s compliance with the recommendations, PA amounts at different intensity levels, the variation between genders, and the effect of weekend on PA. The data were collected from 172 children, aged 3 to 7 years, using accelerometers during January–March 2015 for 7 days, 24 hours per day. Results revealed that compliance with the recommendations is low: 43% of the boys and 32% of the girls engaged in LMVPA for at least 3 hours per day. The variation was remarkable. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) averages ranged from 16 to 154 minutes in boys, and from 4 to 98 minutes in girls. The weekend decreased PA at all intensity levels and increased sedentary behavior by approximately 60 minutes in both genders. Interventions should focus on girls as a group, on boys with minimal amounts of MVPA, on reducing sedentary behavior, and on increasing weekend activity.

KW - 315 Sport and fitness sciences

KW - Accelerometer, early childhood, physical activity, recommendations

KW - ACCELEROMETER

KW - early childhood

KW - PHYSICAL ACTIVITY

KW - RECOMMENDATIONS

KW - 516 Educational sciences

M3 - Article

VL - 7

SP - 100

EP - 126

JO - Journal of Early Childhood Education Research

JF - Journal of Early Childhood Education Research

SN - 2323-7414

IS - 1

ER -