Problems estimating the carbon Kuznets curve

Juha Itkonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


We discover flaws in the foundations of a recent strand of literature estimating the carbon Kuznetz curve (CKC). The CKC hypothesizes that carbon dioxide emissions initially increase with economic growth but that the relationship is eventually reversed. The recent literature attempts to estimate the CKC by adding energy consumption as a control variable. Due to model misspecifications related to the econometric methodology and database definitions, the results are biased to support the existence of a CKC. Consequently the literature underestimates the need for climate policies.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)274-280
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2012
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 511 Economics

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