Quantifying carbon stores and decomposition in dead wood: a review

Matthew B. Russell, Shawn Fraver, Tuomas Aakala, Jeffrey H. Gove, Christopher W. Woodall, Anthony W. D'Amato, Mark J. Ducey

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The amount and dynamics of forest dead wood (both standing and downed) has been quantified by a variety of approaches throughout the forest science and ecology literature. Differences in the sampling and quantification of dead wood can lead to differences in our understanding of forests and their role in the sequestration and emissions of CO2, as well as in developing appropriate strategies for achieving dead wood-related objectives, including biodiversity protection, and procurement of forest bioenergy feedstocks. A thorough understanding of the various methods available for quantifying dead wood stores and decomposition is critical for comparing studies and drawing valid conclusions. General assessments of forest dead wood are conducted by numerous countries as a part of their national forest inventories, while detailed experiments that employ field-based and modeling methods to understand woody debris patterns and processes have greatly advanced our understanding of dead wood dynamics. We review methods for quantifying dead wood in forest ecosystems, with an emphasis on biomass and carbon attributes. These methods encompass various sampling protocols for inventorying standing dead trees and downed woody debris, and an assortment of approaches for forecasting wood decomposition through time. Recent research has provided insight on dead wood attributes related to biomass and carbon content, through the use of structural reduction factors and robust modeling approaches, both of which have improved our understanding of dead wood dynamics. Our review, while emphasizing temperate forests, identifies key research needs and knowledge which at present impede our ability to accurately characterize dead wood populations. In sum, we synthesize the current literature on the measurement and dynamics of forest dead wood carbon stores and decomposition as a baseline for researchers and natural resource managers concerned about forest dead wood patterns and processes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalForest Ecology and Management
Volume350
Pages (from-to)107-128
Number of pages22
ISSN0378-1127
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA2 Review article in a scientific journal

Fields of Science

  • 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
  • 4112 Forestry

Cite this

Russell, M. B., Fraver, S., Aakala, T., Gove, J. H., Woodall, C. W., D'Amato, A. W., & Ducey, M. J. (2015). Quantifying carbon stores and decomposition in dead wood: a review. Forest Ecology and Management, 350, 107-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.04.033
Russell, Matthew B. ; Fraver, Shawn ; Aakala, Tuomas ; Gove, Jeffrey H. ; Woodall, Christopher W. ; D'Amato, Anthony W. ; Ducey, Mark J. / Quantifying carbon stores and decomposition in dead wood: a review. In: Forest Ecology and Management. 2015 ; Vol. 350. pp. 107-128.
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author = "Russell, {Matthew B.} and Shawn Fraver and Tuomas Aakala and Gove, {Jeffrey H.} and Woodall, {Christopher W.} and D'Amato, {Anthony W.} and Ducey, {Mark J.}",
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Russell, MB, Fraver, S, Aakala, T, Gove, JH, Woodall, CW, D'Amato, AW & Ducey, MJ 2015, 'Quantifying carbon stores and decomposition in dead wood: a review' Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 350, pp. 107-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2015.04.033

Quantifying carbon stores and decomposition in dead wood: a review. / Russell, Matthew B.; Fraver, Shawn; Aakala, Tuomas; Gove, Jeffrey H.; Woodall, Christopher W.; D'Amato, Anthony W.; Ducey, Mark J.

In: Forest Ecology and Management, Vol. 350, 2015, p. 107-128.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantifying carbon stores and decomposition in dead wood: a review

AU - Russell, Matthew B.

AU - Fraver, Shawn

AU - Aakala, Tuomas

AU - Gove, Jeffrey H.

AU - Woodall, Christopher W.

AU - D'Amato, Anthony W.

AU - Ducey, Mark J.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - The amount and dynamics of forest dead wood (both standing and downed) has been quantified by a variety of approaches throughout the forest science and ecology literature. Differences in the sampling and quantification of dead wood can lead to differences in our understanding of forests and their role in the sequestration and emissions of CO2, as well as in developing appropriate strategies for achieving dead wood-related objectives, including biodiversity protection, and procurement of forest bioenergy feedstocks. A thorough understanding of the various methods available for quantifying dead wood stores and decomposition is critical for comparing studies and drawing valid conclusions. General assessments of forest dead wood are conducted by numerous countries as a part of their national forest inventories, while detailed experiments that employ field-based and modeling methods to understand woody debris patterns and processes have greatly advanced our understanding of dead wood dynamics. We review methods for quantifying dead wood in forest ecosystems, with an emphasis on biomass and carbon attributes. These methods encompass various sampling protocols for inventorying standing dead trees and downed woody debris, and an assortment of approaches for forecasting wood decomposition through time. Recent research has provided insight on dead wood attributes related to biomass and carbon content, through the use of structural reduction factors and robust modeling approaches, both of which have improved our understanding of dead wood dynamics. Our review, while emphasizing temperate forests, identifies key research needs and knowledge which at present impede our ability to accurately characterize dead wood populations. In sum, we synthesize the current literature on the measurement and dynamics of forest dead wood carbon stores and decomposition as a baseline for researchers and natural resource managers concerned about forest dead wood patterns and processes.

AB - The amount and dynamics of forest dead wood (both standing and downed) has been quantified by a variety of approaches throughout the forest science and ecology literature. Differences in the sampling and quantification of dead wood can lead to differences in our understanding of forests and their role in the sequestration and emissions of CO2, as well as in developing appropriate strategies for achieving dead wood-related objectives, including biodiversity protection, and procurement of forest bioenergy feedstocks. A thorough understanding of the various methods available for quantifying dead wood stores and decomposition is critical for comparing studies and drawing valid conclusions. General assessments of forest dead wood are conducted by numerous countries as a part of their national forest inventories, while detailed experiments that employ field-based and modeling methods to understand woody debris patterns and processes have greatly advanced our understanding of dead wood dynamics. We review methods for quantifying dead wood in forest ecosystems, with an emphasis on biomass and carbon attributes. These methods encompass various sampling protocols for inventorying standing dead trees and downed woody debris, and an assortment of approaches for forecasting wood decomposition through time. Recent research has provided insight on dead wood attributes related to biomass and carbon content, through the use of structural reduction factors and robust modeling approaches, both of which have improved our understanding of dead wood dynamics. Our review, while emphasizing temperate forests, identifies key research needs and knowledge which at present impede our ability to accurately characterize dead wood populations. In sum, we synthesize the current literature on the measurement and dynamics of forest dead wood carbon stores and decomposition as a baseline for researchers and natural resource managers concerned about forest dead wood patterns and processes.

KW - 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology

KW - 4112 Forestry

U2 - 10.1016/j.foreco.2015.04.033

DO - 10.1016/j.foreco.2015.04.033

M3 - Review Article

VL - 350

SP - 107

EP - 128

JO - Forest Ecology and Management

JF - Forest Ecology and Management

SN - 0378-1127

ER -