Rare-Earth Metal Yttrium-Modified Composite Metal Oxide Catalysts for High Selectivity Synthesis of Biomass-Derived Lactic Acid from Cellulose

Wendi Dong, Man Ou, Dongxue Qu, Xingshan Shi, Ming Guo, Guojun Liu, Shaoshuai Wang, Fenfen Wang, Yuhui Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Lactic acid is a versatile and potential building block for generating biodegradable plastics and polylactic acid, as well as in chemical and pharmaceuticals industry. Nevertheless, the achievement of lactic acid production in large quantities remains an enormous challenge. Herein, a series of yttrium-modified composite metal oxide catalysts were synthesized for production of lactic acid starting from renewable biomass cellulose. Interestingly, Y2O3/Al2O3 showed outstanding chemoselectivity towards lactic acid due to its predominant Lewis acid sites (Y3+) and weak Bronsted acid sites (hydroxyl group) together with appropriate total surface acidity. The structure-activity relationship was systematically investigated by a combination of XRD, BET, NH3-TPD, PyIR, SEM, FTIR, and XPS characterization techniques. A nearly complete conversion of cellulose and as high as 72.8 % yield of lactic acid could be achieved under the optimum conditions. Importantly, the resultant catalysts were reusable without appreciable loss in catalytic activity after five consecutive cycles. This study provides an efficient, cost-efficient and facile strategy for fabricating promising heterogeneous catalysts for conversion of biomass resources to highly valuable chemicals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number202200265
JournalChemCatChem
Volume14
Issue number12
Number of pages10
ISSN1867-3880
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jun 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • ALKYL LACTATE
  • Biomass
  • Catalytic conversion
  • Cellulose
  • EFFICIENT PRODUCTION
  • HYDROTHERMAL CONVERSION
  • Heterogeneous catalyst
  • Lactic acid
  • PHOSPHOMOLYBDIC ACID
  • SN
  • TIN
  • TRANSFORMATIONS
  • 116 Chemical sciences

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