Raw Meat-Based Diets in Dogs and Cats

Maria Fredriksson-Ahomaa, Tiina Heikkilä, Noora Pernu, Sara Kovanen, Anna Hielm-Bjorkman, Rauni Kivistö

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Feeding pets raw meat-based diets (RMBDs) is commonly practiced by many companion animal owners and has received increasing attention in recent years. It may be beneficial for the animals, but may also pose a health risk for both pets and their owners, as RMBDs may be contaminated by enteric pathogens-such as Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia-which are the most common zoonotic bacteria causing enteritis in humans. Little information exists on the prevalence of these pathogens in pet food, and thus one aim was to investigate the prevalence of Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia in commercial RMBDs from retail stores. Little evidence also exists on the significance of raw meat feeding on the shedding of Campylobacter, Salmonella, and enteropathogenic Yersinia in the feces of pets, and therefore, the second goal was to study the presence of these pathogens in dogs and cats fed RMBDs. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) only sporadically detected Campylobacter, Salmonella, and enteropathogenic Yersinia in RMBDs. These pathogens were not found by culturing, indicating a low contamination level in frozen RMBDs. They were also detected in the feces of dogs and cats, but the association with feeding RMBDs to them remained unclear.
Original languageEnglish
Article number33
JournalVeterinary sciences
Volume4
Issue number3
Number of pages9
ISSN2306-7381
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 413 Veterinary science
  • PCR
  • cats
  • dogs
  • raw food
  • zoonotic enteric pathogens

Cite this

Fredriksson-Ahomaa, Maria ; Heikkilä, Tiina ; Pernu, Noora ; Kovanen, Sara ; Hielm-Bjorkman, Anna ; Kivistö, Rauni. / Raw Meat-Based Diets in Dogs and Cats. In: Veterinary sciences . 2017 ; Vol. 4, No. 3.
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abstract = "Feeding pets raw meat-based diets (RMBDs) is commonly practiced by many companion animal owners and has received increasing attention in recent years. It may be beneficial for the animals, but may also pose a health risk for both pets and their owners, as RMBDs may be contaminated by enteric pathogens-such as Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia-which are the most common zoonotic bacteria causing enteritis in humans. Little information exists on the prevalence of these pathogens in pet food, and thus one aim was to investigate the prevalence of Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia in commercial RMBDs from retail stores. Little evidence also exists on the significance of raw meat feeding on the shedding of Campylobacter, Salmonella, and enteropathogenic Yersinia in the feces of pets, and therefore, the second goal was to study the presence of these pathogens in dogs and cats fed RMBDs. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) only sporadically detected Campylobacter, Salmonella, and enteropathogenic Yersinia in RMBDs. These pathogens were not found by culturing, indicating a low contamination level in frozen RMBDs. They were also detected in the feces of dogs and cats, but the association with feeding RMBDs to them remained unclear.",
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Raw Meat-Based Diets in Dogs and Cats. / Fredriksson-Ahomaa, Maria ; Heikkilä, Tiina; Pernu, Noora; Kovanen, Sara ; Hielm-Bjorkman, Anna; Kivistö, Rauni.

In: Veterinary sciences , Vol. 4, No. 3, 33, 28.06.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Raw Meat-Based Diets in Dogs and Cats

AU - Fredriksson-Ahomaa, Maria

AU - Heikkilä, Tiina

AU - Pernu, Noora

AU - Kovanen, Sara

AU - Hielm-Bjorkman, Anna

AU - Kivistö, Rauni

PY - 2017/6/28

Y1 - 2017/6/28

N2 - Feeding pets raw meat-based diets (RMBDs) is commonly practiced by many companion animal owners and has received increasing attention in recent years. It may be beneficial for the animals, but may also pose a health risk for both pets and their owners, as RMBDs may be contaminated by enteric pathogens-such as Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia-which are the most common zoonotic bacteria causing enteritis in humans. Little information exists on the prevalence of these pathogens in pet food, and thus one aim was to investigate the prevalence of Campylobacter, Salmonella, and Yersinia in commercial RMBDs from retail stores. Little evidence also exists on the significance of raw meat feeding on the shedding of Campylobacter, Salmonella, and enteropathogenic Yersinia in the feces of pets, and therefore, the second goal was to study the presence of these pathogens in dogs and cats fed RMBDs. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) only sporadically detected Campylobacter, Salmonella, and enteropathogenic Yersinia in RMBDs. These pathogens were not found by culturing, indicating a low contamination level in frozen RMBDs. They were also detected in the feces of dogs and cats, but the association with feeding RMBDs to them remained unclear.

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KW - 413 Veterinary science

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