Reactive oxygen species-regulating proteins peroxiredoxin 2 and thioredoxin, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase are differentially abundant in induced sputum from smokers with lung cancer or asbestos exposure.

Annina Rostila, Sisko Anttila, Maciej Lalowski, Katri Vuopala, Tuula Toljamo, Irmeli Lindström, Marc Baumann, Anne Puustinen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

Lung cancer is a deadly disease, typically caused by known risk factors, such as tobacco smoke and asbestos exposure. By triggering cellular oxidative stress and altering the antioxidant pathways eliminating reactive oxygen species (ROS), tobacco smoke and asbestos predispose to cancer. Despite easily recognizable high-risk individuals, lung cancer screening and its early detection are hampered by poor diagnostic tools including the absence of proper biomarkers. This study aimed to recognize potential lung cancer biomarkers using induced sputum noninvasively collected from the lungs of individuals in risk of contracting lung cancer. Study groups composed of current and former smokers, who either were significantly asbestos exposed, had lung cancer, or were unexposed and asymptomatic. Screening of potential biomarkers was performed with 52, and five differentially abundant proteins, peroxiredoxin 2 (PRDX2), thioredoxin (TXN), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1), and protein S100 A8 (S100A8), were chosen to undergo validation, for their previously known connection with oxidative stress or cancer. Results from the validation in 123 sputa showed that PRDX2, TXN, and GAPDH were differentially abundant in sputa from individuals with lung cancer. TXN had a negative correlation with asbestos exposure, yet a positive correlation with smoking and lung cancer. Thus, tobacco smoking, asbestos exposure, and lung carcinogenesis may disturb the cellular redox state in different ways. A strong correlation was found among PRDX2, TXN, GAPDH, and S100A8, suggesting that these proteins may present a diagnostic biomarker panel to aid recognizing individuals at high risk of contracting lung cancer.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer Prevention
ISSN0959-8278
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
  • lung cancer
  • Smokers
  • Asbestos
  • Sputum
  • Redox conditions
  • Proteomic profiling

Cite this

@article{d927ae14d16c48d2a3f7fec035f8a821,
title = "Reactive oxygen species-regulating proteins peroxiredoxin 2 and thioredoxin, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase are differentially abundant in induced sputum from smokers with lung cancer or asbestos exposure.",
abstract = "Lung cancer is a deadly disease, typically caused by known risk factors, such as tobacco smoke and asbestos exposure. By triggering cellular oxidative stress and altering the antioxidant pathways eliminating reactive oxygen species (ROS), tobacco smoke and asbestos predispose to cancer. Despite easily recognizable high-risk individuals, lung cancer screening and its early detection are hampered by poor diagnostic tools including the absence of proper biomarkers. This study aimed to recognize potential lung cancer biomarkers using induced sputum noninvasively collected from the lungs of individuals in risk of contracting lung cancer. Study groups composed of current and former smokers, who either were significantly asbestos exposed, had lung cancer, or were unexposed and asymptomatic. Screening of potential biomarkers was performed with 52, and five differentially abundant proteins, peroxiredoxin 2 (PRDX2), thioredoxin (TXN), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1), and protein S100 A8 (S100A8), were chosen to undergo validation, for their previously known connection with oxidative stress or cancer. Results from the validation in 123 sputa showed that PRDX2, TXN, and GAPDH were differentially abundant in sputa from individuals with lung cancer. TXN had a negative correlation with asbestos exposure, yet a positive correlation with smoking and lung cancer. Thus, tobacco smoking, asbestos exposure, and lung carcinogenesis may disturb the cellular redox state in different ways. A strong correlation was found among PRDX2, TXN, GAPDH, and S100A8, suggesting that these proteins may present a diagnostic biomarker panel to aid recognizing individuals at high risk of contracting lung cancer.",
keywords = "3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health, lung cancer, Smokers, Asbestos, Sputum, Redox conditions, Proteomic profiling",
author = "Annina Rostila and Sisko Anttila and Maciej Lalowski and Katri Vuopala and Tuula Toljamo and Irmeli Lindstr{\"o}m and Marc Baumann and Anne Puustinen",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000537",
language = "English",
journal = "European Journal of Cancer Prevention",
issn = "0959-8278",
publisher = "LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reactive oxygen species-regulating proteins peroxiredoxin 2 and thioredoxin, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase are differentially abundant in induced sputum from smokers with lung cancer or asbestos exposure.

AU - Rostila, Annina

AU - Anttila, Sisko

AU - Lalowski, Maciej

AU - Vuopala, Katri

AU - Toljamo, Tuula

AU - Lindström, Irmeli

AU - Baumann, Marc

AU - Puustinen, Anne

PY - 2019/9/15

Y1 - 2019/9/15

N2 - Lung cancer is a deadly disease, typically caused by known risk factors, such as tobacco smoke and asbestos exposure. By triggering cellular oxidative stress and altering the antioxidant pathways eliminating reactive oxygen species (ROS), tobacco smoke and asbestos predispose to cancer. Despite easily recognizable high-risk individuals, lung cancer screening and its early detection are hampered by poor diagnostic tools including the absence of proper biomarkers. This study aimed to recognize potential lung cancer biomarkers using induced sputum noninvasively collected from the lungs of individuals in risk of contracting lung cancer. Study groups composed of current and former smokers, who either were significantly asbestos exposed, had lung cancer, or were unexposed and asymptomatic. Screening of potential biomarkers was performed with 52, and five differentially abundant proteins, peroxiredoxin 2 (PRDX2), thioredoxin (TXN), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1), and protein S100 A8 (S100A8), were chosen to undergo validation, for their previously known connection with oxidative stress or cancer. Results from the validation in 123 sputa showed that PRDX2, TXN, and GAPDH were differentially abundant in sputa from individuals with lung cancer. TXN had a negative correlation with asbestos exposure, yet a positive correlation with smoking and lung cancer. Thus, tobacco smoking, asbestos exposure, and lung carcinogenesis may disturb the cellular redox state in different ways. A strong correlation was found among PRDX2, TXN, GAPDH, and S100A8, suggesting that these proteins may present a diagnostic biomarker panel to aid recognizing individuals at high risk of contracting lung cancer.

AB - Lung cancer is a deadly disease, typically caused by known risk factors, such as tobacco smoke and asbestos exposure. By triggering cellular oxidative stress and altering the antioxidant pathways eliminating reactive oxygen species (ROS), tobacco smoke and asbestos predispose to cancer. Despite easily recognizable high-risk individuals, lung cancer screening and its early detection are hampered by poor diagnostic tools including the absence of proper biomarkers. This study aimed to recognize potential lung cancer biomarkers using induced sputum noninvasively collected from the lungs of individuals in risk of contracting lung cancer. Study groups composed of current and former smokers, who either were significantly asbestos exposed, had lung cancer, or were unexposed and asymptomatic. Screening of potential biomarkers was performed with 52, and five differentially abundant proteins, peroxiredoxin 2 (PRDX2), thioredoxin (TXN), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), extracellular matrix protein 1 (ECM1), and protein S100 A8 (S100A8), were chosen to undergo validation, for their previously known connection with oxidative stress or cancer. Results from the validation in 123 sputa showed that PRDX2, TXN, and GAPDH were differentially abundant in sputa from individuals with lung cancer. TXN had a negative correlation with asbestos exposure, yet a positive correlation with smoking and lung cancer. Thus, tobacco smoking, asbestos exposure, and lung carcinogenesis may disturb the cellular redox state in different ways. A strong correlation was found among PRDX2, TXN, GAPDH, and S100A8, suggesting that these proteins may present a diagnostic biomarker panel to aid recognizing individuals at high risk of contracting lung cancer.

KW - 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health

KW - lung cancer

KW - Smokers

KW - Asbestos

KW - Sputum

KW - Redox conditions

KW - Proteomic profiling

U2 - 10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000537

DO - 10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000537

M3 - Article

JO - European Journal of Cancer Prevention

JF - European Journal of Cancer Prevention

SN - 0959-8278

ER -