Recently Discovered Iron Age Lion Figurines from Jerusalem

Raz Kletter, Katri Saarelainen, Shlomit Weksler-Bdolah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


More than 500 Iron Age (8th-6th centuries BCE) figurines were discovered in the Western Wall Plaza excavations in Jerusalem. Two figurine heads most likely depict lions, one of them unique - holding another animal in its mouth. In this article we discuss the identification as lions, the lion motif in the Southern Levant, and theories concerning lions in the Bible. In our view, the 'new' figurines represent lions as wild animals.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAntiguo Oriente
Pages (from-to)39-70
Number of pages32
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Fields of Science

  • 615 History and Archaeology
  • Iron Age
  • Levant
  • Ancient Near East
  • Figurines
  • Terracottas
  • Lion (Panthera leo)
  • Jerusalem
  • Biblical studies
  • Biblical Archaeology
  • Palestine
  • Israel

Cite this